Professor William P. Marshall, The Case Against the Constitutionally Compelled Free Exercise Exemption, 40 Case W. Res. 357 (1990)

ARTICLE: The Case Against the Constitutionally Compelled Free Exercise Exemption, 40 Case W. Res. 357

1990

Reporter: 40 Case W. Res. 357

Author: William P. Marshall

[357]  FREE EXERCISE JURISPRUDENCE is unique in constitutional law. Because direct regulation of religious activity almost never occurs, the litigation surrounding free exercise addresses only incidental and inadvertent regulation of religious conduct. For this reason, the issue in a free exercise challenge typically is  [358]  not whether a law is constitutional; the law under attack is usually constitutionally unassailable outside of its incidental effect on religious practice. Rather, the issue is whether certain individuals should be exempted from otherwise valid, neutral laws of general applicability solely because of their religious conviction. The jurisprudence of free exercise, in short, is the jurisprudence of the constitutionally compelled exemption. 1

There are a number of tensions underlying the notion of the constitutionally compelled exemption, and underlying the constitutional treatment of religion and religious belief, that make free exercise jurisprudence a particularly difficult subject for coherent analysis. First, because special exemptions of any kind raise concerns of undue favoritism, they are normally suspect as violating fundamental constitutional principles of equal treatment. 2 Thus, as the Court noted just last week, the conclusion that the Constitution may require the creation of an exemption directly contradicts the constitutional norm. 3

Second, the difficulties inherent in exemptions are exacerbated when an exemption favors religion. Beyond general equality notions, the advancement of religion triggers a separate and specific constitutional provision, the establishment clause. Thus, as has been commonly noted, the free exercise claim for constitutionally compelled exemptions leads to a first amendment jurisprudence that simultaneously calls for special deference to religion  [359]  under the free exercise clause and a prohibition of special deference under the establishment clause. 4

Third, the claim for constitutionally compelled free exercise exemptions raises virtually insoluble problems in determining when a religious claim is bona fide. Such an inquiry necessarily requires investigation into the religiosity and sincerity of the religious belief at stake; however, defining religion and ascertaining sincerity have proved to be highly elusive undertakings. 5 Furthermore, any inquiry into definition or sincerity is itself risky. Allowing the courts or the government to investigate and label beliefs as “irreligious” or “insincere” raises a threat to religious liberty. 6Moreover, the importance of the sincerity and definition inquiries to free exercise claims for exemption cannot be overstated. In effect, sincerity and religiosity are the only criteria for determining what constitutes a legitimate religious claim. Because religious beliefs are so diverse, as one observer has written, “everything is [potentially] covered by the free exercise clause.” 7

Finally, as has been noted in recent academic literature, religious matters do not easily lend themselves to existing constitutional analysis. Constitutional analysis is individual-rights-oriented;8 religion is often communal. 9 Rights-oriented thinking  [360]  presupposes that the individual has numerous equally viable avenues through which to exercise her freedom of choice; religion is often absolutist. 10 Therefore, placing religion in a legal framework often raises a square-peg/round-hole problem.

A number of years ago I proposed for the free exercise problem a solution that essentially eliminated claims to a constitutionally based free exercise exemption. 11 I argued that free exercise claims advanced by those seeking relief from laws of general applicability should be resolved under the speech clause. In essence, free exercise claimants would be entitled to relief only to the extent their claims would be protected under the speech clause. For example, a religious group would not be entitled to exemption from state restrictions on soliciting contributions unless 1) the solicitation was protected under the speech clause and 2) non-religious groups engaging in solicitation would also be entitled to protection. As the example above suggests, this thesis is comprised of two primary components. The first concerns the degree of constitutional protection to be accorded those presenting free exercise claims. In many circumstances, a claimant may present both a free exercise and a speech claim. In the situation noted above, for example, the religious group seeking exemption from solicitation regulation has a cognizable free exercise and a cognizable speech claim. 12 At the same time, a non-religious group such as a public-interest organization, which might also seek exemption from a solicitation restriction, would present only a speech claim. 13 If free exercise is treated as expression, the result will obviously be that  [361]  the religious and non-religious groups will be accorded the same level of protection. In short, under this theory a religious claimant will be entitled to no greater protection than a non-religious claimant, the presence of a free exercise interest notwithstanding. 14

The second component of the thesis, admittedly more controversial, concerns the scope of religious activities entitled to constitutional protection. It argues that the boundaries of protected free exercise activity should be defined by the boundaries of free speech. 15 Although, according to the current jurisprudence, a claim under the free exercise clause will often also implicate the speech clause, many claims currently recognized as implicating free exercise protection do not easily fit within a speech analysis. For example, the religious objection to working in an armaments factory, recognized as implicating rights of free exercise in Thomas v. Review Board,16 does not, at least under existing speech theory, present a colorable speech claim. Under the theory posited here, the religious claim will not be constitutionally protected unless protection is also extended to parallel objections based on non-religious grounds, such as those of moral philosophy. In short, whether an activity implicates the first amendment ought not turn on whether the activity is religious or secular.

While some commentators have been kind enough to give a title to the free exercise as expression thesis — it is often called the reduction principle 17 — it has captured no adherents, at least in the academic world. Nevertheless, what has struck me since I wrote that article is not the persuasiveness of my own thesis, but rather the infirmity of the arguments made on behalf of the free exercise exemption. Thus, while I recognize that my thesis may be imperfect, it remains the best available approach to the controversial free exercise issue. This Article, therefore, defends the rejection of the constitutionally compelled exemption. Part I describes the theory’s doctrinal underpinnings and its relation to current Supreme  [362]  Court decisions. 18 Part II presents and responds to the arguments in favor of recognizing constitutionally compelled exemptions under the free exercise clause. 19 Part III presents the arguments that compel the rejection of the free exercise claim for exemptions. 20 Part IV examines some of the competing approaches to the free exercise claims for exemption and concludes that, although the approaches may differ significantly in rhetoric, they do not differ significantly in result from that reached here. 21 Part V addresses what appears to be the true underlying reason for opposition to abandonment of the constitutionally compelled free exercise exemption: that the rejection of free exercise is fundamentally the product of an antipathy to religion. 22 Finally, I conclude where I began, with the proposition that free exercise claims for special exemption from neutral laws of general applicability should be rejected.

I. FREE EXERCISE AS EXPRESSION: DOCTRINAL UNDERPINNINGS

A. Religiously Motivated Activity as Expression

In Widmar v. Vincent, 23 the Court reviewed the claim of members of a religious organization who alleged that they were unconstitutionally denied the right to pray together on a state-university campus. The Court held that the appropriate vehicle for review of this constitutional claim was the free speech clause. 24 Prayer, in short, was speech. 25 The Widmar Court’s reliance on the speech clause was not surprising. It was simply illustrative of a long line of cases which had reviewed under the speech clause the claims of religious organizations to engage in religiously directed practice. 26

[363]  Of course, the observation that two separate constitutional provisions might govern one activity is not surprising. Frequently, constitutional provisions can, and do, overlap. 27 What is surprising, however, is the extent to which the free speech inquiry has dominated the free exercise inquiry. The two freedoms were intertwined in the Jehovah’s Witnesses cases of the 1930’s and 1940’s. In those cases, the Court reviewed the constitutionality of state restrictions on religiously motivated activities such as solicitation, proselytizing, distribution of religious literature, and preaching. 28 In almost all of the cases in which the Jehovah’s Witnesses prevailed, the Court found the governing provision to be the speech clause. 29 Although the free exercise clause was occasionally mentioned, in no case did the Court recognize a free exercise claim where a speech claim would have failed. 30 The message of these  [364]  cases was clear: No activity was so essentially religious that it warranted protection only under the free exercise clause. 31

B. Protection for Rights of Conscience Under the Speech Clause

The speech clause’s dominion over claims involving religious exercise is not limited to expressive activities. It also includes more passive activities like rights of conscience. In a series of cases, the Court has upheld on speech clause grounds the rights of persons, whether religiously motivated or not, to refrain from certain state-compelled activities because participation in those activities conflicted with their consciences.

West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette 32 and, more recently, Wooley v. Maynard 33are examples of cases in which the Supreme Court has recognized that a right to forego an activity because of religious principle is protected under the speech clause. Barnette invalidated a compulsory flag-salute requirement that was repugnant to Jehovah’s Witnesses. Although the objection was based on religion, the Court, viewing the issue as involving freedom of conscience, found the conscientious objection to have arisen under the speech clause irrespective of its religious basis. 34

In Wooley, claimant George Maynard, a Jehovah’s Witness, objected to the New Hampshire license plate motto, “Live Free or Die,” on the basis of his moral, ethical, political, and religious beliefs. 35 The Court, again relying on speech rather than on narrower free exercise grounds, upheld Maynard’s objection. According to the Court, Maynard presented a “right to refrain from speaking” based on the “broader concept of ‘individual freedom of mind,'” which entitled him to protection. 36 Thus, these cases and  [365]  others 37 establish that the free exercise clause is not the exclusive guardian for rights of conscience 38 and that significant protection for rights of conscience exists under the speech clause. 39

C. The Current Free Exercise Jurisprudence

The Supreme Court’s current free exercise approach does not, in theory, reject the constitutionally compelled exemption. Beginning in 1963, with Sherbert v. Verner, 40 the Court adopted a separate free exercise inquiry which allowed for the creation of constitutionally compelled exemptions for religious exercise in certain circumstances. From 1963 until quite recently, the Court has been consistent in articulating the test it ostensibly applies in its free exercise decisions. 41 According to the Court, government infringement on free exercise rights will be upheld as constitutional only when supported by a compelling state interest. 42 Essentially, this test parallels the strict scrutiny inquiry the Court uses in reviewing purported infringements of the most fundamental constitutional  [366]  rights. 43 Nevertheless, despite the Court’s professed allegiance to a fixed constitutional standard, free exercise jurisprudence has never been consistent in result. 44 Rather, the only consistency that has emerged is the Court’s extraordinary reluctance to vindicate free exercise claims outside those protected under the speech clause. It has done so in only five cases, and those five cases are extremely limited in scope. One, Wisconsin v.  [367]  Yoder, 45 which held that the Amish were entitled to constitutional exemption from compulsory-education laws, is so tied to its facts that it is without strong precedential value. 46 The Court emphasized the uniqueness of the Amish and conceded that “few other religious groups or sects” would be entitled to similar exemption. 47

The other cases include the seminal Sherbert decision 48 and the trilogy of Thomas v. Review Board, 49 Hobbie v. Unemployment Appeals Commission, 50 and Frazee v. Illinois Department of Employment Security, 51 three cases which are essentially Sherbert re-visited. In all four cases, the Court addressed the same issue: whether a state could deny unemployment benefits to an applicant whose failure to be available for work was due to religious conviction. In each case the Court concluded that the free exercise clause prohibited the state from withholding benefits. A claimant could not be forced to choose between adhering to his beliefs and forfeiting state benefits on the one hand, and accepting work that violated his religious convictions on the other.52

The unemployment-benefits cases have not, however, been accorded strong precedential force. In subsequent cases, the Court  [368]  has denied claims for religious exemption from the minimum wage, overtime, and recordkeeping provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, 53 tax payment requirements of the Social Security Act, 54 and the government’s use of social security number registration requirements in food stamp and welfare programs. 55 In these cases, the governmental interests, primarily ease of administration and fear of fraudulent claims, were “relatively weak.” 56 In addition, the Court has been quick to reject free exercise claims that have arisen in prison and military contexts on the grounds that these institutions should be accorded unusual judicial deference. 57 Finally, the Court has unanimously rejected the free exercise claims for special exemption from tax laws that have been brought before it. 58 The denial of religious claims in all of these  [369]  circumstances has led a number of commentators to question whether the Court actually applies strict scrutiny or a substantially less stringent mode of review in free exercise cases. 59

In fact, in recent cases the Court has begun to waver in its characterization of the free exercise test and has even, in some instances, substantially returned to its pre-Sherbert approach. For example, Bowen v. Roy 60 and Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association 61mark a substantial retreat from the Sherbert doctrine. In Bowen, the Court was faced with a challenge to a provision in the Social Security Act which required states to use social security numbers in administering certain welfare payments. 62 In Lyng, the Court was faced with the claims of a number of native Americans who argued that the free exercise clause prohibited the development of certain religious territory owned by the government but sacred to their religious heritage. 63 Using minimal scrutiny, the Court rejected both challenges, holding that “the Free Exercise Clause cannot be understood to require the government to conduct its own internal affairs in ways that comport with the religious beliefs of particular citizens.” 64 The effect of Lyngand Bowen on the continued viability of the Sherbert test is substantial. For one, these cases, at the least, have removed an entire area of potential government infringement on religious exercise, the infringement caused by conflict with internal government affairs, from the compelling state interest test. 65 More importantly, the return to the barest level of scrutiny suggests a possible further erosion of the compelling interest test. 66

[370]  Bowen is also be significant for the manner in which it characterized Sherbert andThomas, the only unemployment cases that had been decided at the time. Bowen explained those cases as involving discrimination against religion because the unemployment insurance programs at issue recognized only non-religious reasons for an applicant to refuse work. 67 The Court’s articulation of its rationale in this manner is potentially far-reaching. It effectively excludesSherbert and Thomas from the category of exemption cases and leaves Yoder as the only remaining true exemption case. 68

Yet, even if Bowen and Lyng are solely internal operations cases and even if Sherbert, Thomas, Hobbie, and Frazee are something more than discriminatory treatment cases, there is no question that free exercise protection exists at best in diluted form. Indeed, its most recent free exercise pronouncement, the Court in Employment Division, Department of Human Resources v. Smith (Smith II), 69 imposed the most far-reaching limitation on Sherbert yet. In Smith II the Court was faced with the free  [371]  exercise claims of two Oregon state employees who had engaged in religiously motivated peyote smoking. Characterizing the peyote smoking as work-related misconduct, the state had fired the employees from their positions as drug and alcohol abuse counselors. 70 The Supreme Court rejected their free exercise challenges. The Smith IIopinion is immediately notable for its limited reading of free exercise precedent. DistinguishingSherbert and Yoder, 71 the Court virtually denied even the existence of the constitutionally compelled free exercise exemption. The Court stated that it had “never held that and individual’s religious beliefs excuse him from compliance with an otherwise valid law prohibiting conduct the state is free to regulate” and that its previous decisions “have consistently held that the right of free exercise does not relieve an individual of the obligation to comply with a ‘valid and neutral law of general applicability . . .'” 72 A serious question thus remains after Smith II as to whether the free exercise exemption will survive in any form.

Even in its narrowest reading, the limitation Smith II places on free exercise exemption is dramatic. The Court held that even if it

were inclined to breathe into Sherbert some life beyond the unemployment compensation field, we would not apply it to require exemptions from a generally applicable criminal law.

. . . To make an individual’s obligation to obey such a law contingent upon the law’s coincidence with his religious beliefs, except where the State’s interest in “compelling” — permitting  [372] him, by virtue of his beliefs, “to become a law unto himself” — contradicts both constitutional tradition and common sense. 73

Smith II thus holds that rights of free exercise do not extend to criminally proscribed activity.

Because both the power of the criminal law in deterring conduct is so great and the power of the state to criminalize activity so broad, even this narrow reading of Smith II is a dramatic undercutting of Sherbert. 74 Indeed, the suggestion that at most free exercise protection extends only to activities that are otherwise valid 75 means effectively that its protections are limited only to conditional-benefits cases, a category which not so coincidentally includes Sherbert, Thomas, Hobbie, and Frazee. At the least, Smith is yet another suggestion that free exercise protection is not expansive.

In summary, the current free exercise jurisprudence disfavors exemptions. The combination of 1) the extraordinarily limited circumstances in which free exercise claims have been upheld; 2) the less-than-compelling instances in which claims have been denied; 3) the Bowen/Lyng refusal to extend such protection to matters affecting the government’s internal operations; 4) the Smith IIrefusal to extend free exercise protection to otherwise illegal activities; and 5) the significant protection religious activity has been accorded outside of the speech clause, lead to one salient conclusion: The explicit adoption of the position that free exercise claims for exemption should be denied would not produce a dramatic alteration of the current jurisprudence.

II. THE ARGUMENTS IN FAVOR OF CONSTITUTIONALLY COMPELLED EXEMPTIONS FOR RELIGIOUS EXERCISE

Commentators generally do not dispute the conclusions set forth in the previous section. They agree that, prior to Sherbert, the protection of free exercise rights was afforded solely by the speech clause 76 and that the results under the Court’s current approach differ little, if at all, from the results that would be achieved under a free exercise as expression methodology. 77They also agree that the creation of free exercise exemptions necessitates  [373]  inquiry into the sincerity and definition of religious belief and that such investigation itself may be harmful to religious-liberty interests. 78 Finally, commentators generally concede that a theory that seeks exemption for religious exercise in effect advocates preferred treatment for religion and religious belief. 79 Indeed, the central argument of those favoring free exercise exemptions is that the Court’s failure to provide special protection to free exercise rights apart from that provided by the speech clause is exactly what is wrong with the current jurisprudence. To paraphrase one commentator, the Court has failed to take free exercise seriously. 80 This section will examine the arguments in favor of the constitutionally compelled free exercise exemption.

A. Text

1. Redundancy

The first argument raised by those seeking more stringent free exercise protection is textual. The first amendment explicitly provides for the protection of rights of free exercise. Some commentators contend that, in order to make this provision meaningful, the free exercise clause must be given its independence from the speech clause, in part through constitutionally compelled exemptions. 81 Accordingly, denying claims for free exercise and redressing such claims only under the speech clause must be misguided, since it would turn the free exercise clause into a textual redundancy. 82

This textual argument, however, is deficient on a number of grounds. For one, it is descriptively inaccurate. The free exercise position advocated here pertains only to claims for special exemption  [374]  from laws of general applicability. The free exercise clause may have independent vitality in restricting judicial involvement in intra-church property and employment disputes. 83 More clearly, the clause retains an independent vitality with respect to laws that directly attempt to infringe upon religious freedom. 84 While there have been thankfully few instances of direct persecutions for the free exercise clause to redress, the fact that protection from direct prosecution has been largely unneeded does not make the clause a redundancy. 85

Nor is the clause a redundancy because even persecutory laws could arguably be invalidated under another constitutional provision, the equal-protection clause. 86 The equal protection clause probably extends to such persecutory laws. 87 Even so, it is hard to see how this point leads to the conclusion that the free exercise clause must be construed as allowing constitutionally compelled exemptions. The subsequent passage and later expansion of the equal protection clause to cover the ground previously protected by the free exercise clause does not mean the protections of the free exercise clause must be expanded to cover new territory.

[375]  Moreover, it is hardly novel to assert that mention in the text of the first amendment does not require constitutionally favored treatment other than protection against direct persecution. The press clause, also located in the first amendment, has been held not to confer a favored status on the media. 88 Rather, the press clause has been interpreted only to protect the media from “invidious discrimination.” 89

Finally, the argument that a textual passage must be given concrete meaning is misleading when that argument is used to advance a specific interpretation of that text. Separate arguments must be given in support of the substance behind the purported textual interpretation. In the free exercise context, proponents of more stringent free exercise exemptions must present arguments that demonstrate why the free exercise clause should be interpreted to require constitutionally compelled exemptions from neutral laws of general applicability. That the text of the first amendment explicitly mentions free exercise does not by itself establish this position. 90

2. The Use (or Non-Use) of History — A Parenthetical

Historical inquiry also does not support the claim for the constitutionally compelled claim for free exercise exemption. For one, the relevant historical evidence, like that underlying other issues concerning the religion clauses of the first amendment, is unclear. As Dean Choper has stated, “there is no clear record as to the Framers’ intent, and such history as there is reflects several varying  [376]  purposes.” 91 Moreover, any historical evidence must be tempered by the understanding that the first amendment was not intended to apply to the states. Federalism concerns, as well as issues of substantive religious liberty, surrounded the adoption of the religion clauses. 92

Some observations, however, are interesting, if not dispositive. For example, there is a significant question as to whether even the concept of a religious exemption is consistent with the framers’ intellectual framework. The framers obviously were aware that the beliefs of religious adherents could stand in opposition to the religious mandates of the state. The foisting of religious values upon religious dissidents by state enforcement of an established church’s precepts was one of the central religion clause concerns. 93 The framers were also aware of another infringement on religious freedom caused by state laws: A number of states imposed disabilities on persons refusing to take oaths, although oath-taking was offensive to the religious tenets of some sects.94 However, outside of these conflicts with state religious laws or test requirements, it is difficult to find examples where religious objections to the secular laws of the state were recognized. 95In fact, outside of religious  [377]  laws or tests, one can convincingly argue that the framers didnot envision potential religious exemptions as applying to neutral laws of general applicability. A number of reasons support this contention.

One is that the governing intellectual climate of the late eighteenth century was that of deism, or natural law, which assumed that religious tenets and the laws of temporal authority coincided. 96The first Supreme Court decisions on free exercise, decided roughly 100 years after the passage of Bill of Rights, are classic, if somewhat vitriolic, examples of this approach to religion and the law of the state. In Reynolds v. United States 97 and Davis  [378]  v. Beason, 98 for example, the Supreme Court rejected the contention that the Mormon practice of polygamy was religious. In the words of the Court, “to call their advocacy [of polygamy] a tenet of religion is to offend the common sense of mankind.” 99 Accordingly, the Court rejected the Mormon protests against restrictions on polygamy as not falling within the definition of religious exercise protected by the first amendment. The Court stated that “[i]t was never intended or supposed that the amendment could be invoked as a protection against legislation for the punishment of acts inimical to the peace, good order and morals of society.” 100 As Reynolds and Davis suggest, there is little room in a natural-law framework for the creation of a constitutionally compelled religious exemption for activities outside the social norm.

Deism and natural law were not, however, the only philosophies that might have influenced the first amendment; evangelical influence existed as well. 101 Nevertheless, there are additional reasons which suggest that even those not sharing a deistic philosophy would have had difficulty anticipating religious objection to religiously neutral state provisions.

First of all, there were few religiously neutral state provisions with which the religious practices could have been in conflict. The regulatory state did not exist. There were no unemployment compensation benefits programs that might have disadvantaged sabbatarians 102 and no compulsory school programs that might have compromised the Amish or their historical predecessors. 103 For a  [379]  conflict to occur, then, it would have had to arise within the state’s criminal law.

This conflict, in turn, was unlikely for a second reason. Although there were varieties of religious beliefs at the end of the eighteenth century, there was not a great disparity in the types of religious practices. Rather, the culture of the United States in the late eighteenth century was fairly homogeneous, being composed almost entirely of Christian sects whose practices were unlikely to violate non-religious societal norms. 104 Thus, there existed neither the practices nor the laws that would make a conflict between religious exercise and religiously neutral laws likely.

Finally, there is no suggestion, in any event, that the framers conceived of a constitutionally mandated exemption. Article VI, for example, bans the religious test. 105 It does not create an exemption. Those arguing for a textual interpretation in favor of the constitutionally compelled exemption must also demonstrate that the unique remedy of exemption is consistent with the framers’ constitutional purposes. The historical evidence, however, is lacking. History, therefore, is no guide to the purported right to constitutionally compelled free exercise exemptions from religiously neutral laws of general applicability.

B. Equality

A second contention made by supporters of a free exercise exemption is that the creation of such an exemption adds to, rather than subtracts from, equality concerns. This argument contends that the application of neutral regulations creates its own inequality. 106 For example, a Seventh-Day Adventist, who is not entitled to receive unemployment compensation because she is unavailable  [380]  to work on Saturdays, is at a disadvantage with those whose religious beliefs do not forbid Saturday employment and who, if they are religiously forbidden from working on Sundays, may already be protected by legislative exemption. Creating an exemption for the sabbatarian therefore equalizes her rights with those of other religious adherents. Creation of this exemption also ensures that a religious majority, while never likely to place disabilities on the exercise of its own beliefs, might “inadvertently” inhibit the religious rights of minority groups. 107Professor Tushnet has questioned the accuracy of this argument. As he points out, there probably is no mythical majority intentionally protecting its own religious beliefs and “inadvertently” placing disabilities on the beliefs of others: “In a pluralistic society with crosscutting group memberships, the overall distribution of benefits and burdens is likely to be reasonably fair.” 108

Yet, even aside from Tushnet’s criticism, inequality among religions is not the governing equality concern. Even if a special exemption for religious adherents equalizes the effects of otherwise neutral laws on all religious believers, it does not equalize the effects of those laws on individuals presenting parallel secular objections. Again, those advocating a free exercise exemption for religious groups must convincingly argue that religious exercise is special.

C. Pluralism

Some commentators also rely heavily on notions of pluralism to support expanded free exercise protection. 109 The value in pluralism has been succinctly stated by Justice Brennan: It is beneficial to have diverse sub-groups within society because “each group contributes to the diversity of association, viewpoint, and enterprise essential to a vigorous, pluralistic society.” 110

[381]  Actually, there are three separate values inherent in the pluralistic model. The first is the capacity of religious groups to act as mediating institutions between the individual and government. Communal groups, such as religious organizations, “foster diversity and act as critical buffers between the individual and the power of the state.” 111

The second value of religious pluralism is its capacity to provide moral principles that help mold the citizenry into the sort of virtuous society that allows self-government to flourish. 112 In the tradition of civic republicanism, religion imbues the people with the sense of responsibility and veneration necessary for the republic to succeed. 113

The third value of pluralism is simply that it is desirable in itself. Multiplicity of religion is arguably not only a buffer againts state power and a source of moral values in the populace, but also a factor in cultural diversity.

The problem with the pluralism theory is not that it is misguided. Indeed, its aims and structure are highly attractive. Its deficiency is that it is not an argument for special protection for religious exercise. The values inherent in pluralism are also advanced by the protection of non-religious groups.

First, secular mediating groups such as ethnic associations and socio-political organizations also serve as buffers between the individual and the state. 114 Religious groups are, after all, not the [382]  sole mediating institutions in society. 115 Second, religion does not lay claim to a monopoly in the inculcation of civic virtue. As Professor Tushnet has explained, “[r]eligion may now be one of several methods of inculcating civic virtue.” 116 Finally, cultural diversity is not solely the product of religious multiplicity. Other types of heterogeneity — ethnic, lingual, and regional — enrich the culture as well. 117

The pluralist argument thus fails to establish why only religious groups, and not secular groups that share the same characteristics, merit special treatment. In short, the pluralist argument is either one for broad associational rights that include, but extend beyond, religious affiliations to other types of societal subgroups, 118 or it is an argument for the development of a constitutional theory that assimilates community rights into its individual-rights methodology. 119The pluralist argument does not, however, support special exemption for religion.

D. The Special Nature of Religion

Religion, some commentators contend, is not simply another belief system. Unlike other types of beliefs, religion seeks a truth and a morality that stem from divine authority. Accordingly, the obligations religion places on its adherents transcend those imposed by temporal sources. In the words of Professor McConnell, “religious claims — if true — are prior to and of greater dignity than the claims of the state [and the individual].” 120

As Professor Garvey explains, the belief in a transcendent authority  [383]  has significant ramifications for its adherents. 121 If the law of the state and the religious tenet differ, the religious adherent is in the unwelcome position of being subject to conflicting duties. 122 This, in turn, leads to two unpleasant options. On the one hand, the religious adherent may abandon her religious belief to follow the dictates of state law. If so, she may incur a “special cruelty,” particularly if the violation of the tenet is believed to have “extratemporal consequences.” 123 On the other hand, she may choose to act in allegiance to her religious faith and violate state law. This choice leads to the equally unsatisfactory result of civil disobedience and its accompanying social costs, including “disproportionate investment of enforcement resources, and loss of respect for law,” as well as potential earthly punishment for the believer. 124

These concerns are indisputably serious; however, none are unique to religion. Conflicting duties occur anytime one’s beliefs conflict with those of the state, whether those beliefs are religious or not. Some beliefs, like those underlying an individual’s objection to the draft, may be moral or political. 125 Other beliefs bringing the individual in conflict with the state may be based on more personal concerns, including those akin to privacy rights in intimate association protected under the due process clause. The same Board of Unemployment Compensation that denied unemployment benefits to Eddie Thomas for failing to work in an armaments factory also denied benefits to a person whose failure to be available for work was due to strong convictions about parental obligations. 126

[384]  The conclusion that there is a special suffering associated with the violation of a religious tenet is also overbroad at best. Not all religious beliefs are held with equal fervor by the religious adherent, nor are religious beliefs necessarily more deeply felt than secular beliefs. A person who has a secular, moral objection to killing in war and a religious objection to working on the Sabbath might well suffer a greater psychic harm in being forced to kill than in being forced to work.

Avoiding civil disobedience is also not a persuasive reason to single out religion for special benefits. One reason, of course, is that sacrificing important governmental interests because of fears of non-compliance raises its own concerns. 127 More importantly, the problem of civil disobedience is again not unique to religion. Professor Garvey has drawn a compelling illustration of the harm that might have been caused if Wisconsin chose to arrest the members of the Amish community who refused the requirements of compulsory education; however, even Garvey concludes that concerns of civil disobedience alone do not set religious belief apart from other belief systems. 128

Professor Garvey ultimately concludes that what separates religion from non-religion is that the former “is a lot like insanity.” 129 According to Garvey, this conclusion has two aspects. The first is cognitive. Garvey asserts that the process of understanding reality through religious beliefs is dissimilar to developing that understanding through practical reasoning — the cognitive process by which reality is generally understood in the society. 130 The second aspect is volitional. The religious believer is compelled by his belief to engage in certain activities. He therefore lacks the will in the same way an insane person lacks the will  [385]  to conform his practices to societal expectations. 131 For this reason, Garvey suggests, exempting the religious adherent is appropriate.

There are two deficiencies in Garvey’s thesis. First, it is not at all clear that religion is the only belief system that bases its understanding of the world upon a cognition other than that achieved through practical reasoning. Most other types of beliefs and moral values have non-rational components. Indeed, the contentions that practical reasoning leads to an understanding of reality and that morality may be understood through rational processes are themselves ultimately based on no more than their own non-rational, a priori assumptions. 132

Second, it is unclear that, even if lack of volition underlies religious belief, the appropriate response is to defer to this non-volitional understanding by creating special exemptions. There is, after all, a presumption of free will that underlies the principle of individual freedom expressed throughout the Constitution, and there is a principle of voluntariness which specifically underlies American religion and the religion clauses. 133 The analogy to insanity alone does not support the free exercise exemption.

Nevertheless, although no one factor conclusively establishes a special status for religion and religious belief for constitutional law purposes, it may be, as Garvey suggests, that the aggregation of a number of factors leads to the conclusion that religion is entitled  [386]  to special protection. 134 As will be shown in the next section, however, the constitutional difficulties created by special protection for religion militate against the conclusion that special treatment for religion is constitutionally compelled.

III. THE ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE CONSTITUTIONALLY COMPELLED FREE EXERCISE EXEMPTION

A. Avoiding The Sincerity and Definition Inquiry

Creating constitutionally compelled exemptions under the free exercise clause necessitates inquiry into the sincerity and religiosity of the religious claim. This inquiry poses its own threat to religious values. 135 On the other hand, abandoning the free exercise exemption obviates the need for defining religion in free exercise cases 136 and wholly avoids judicial inquiries into sincerity, except in cases involving legislatively created exemptions. 137 Avoiding religious inquiry thus promotes religious liberty.

The problems inherent in defining religion and the harms definition creates for free exercise purposes are, of course, apparent. As Professor Stanley Ingber has argued:

The danger in defining religion lies in the possibility of violating the very purpose of the religion clauses by proposing a definition that excludes non-traditional religious beliefs from the ambit of the first amendment. To define religion is to limit it . . . . [A]ny attempt to fulfill this mandate risks a delineation of a religious orthodoxy. 138

This exclusion of non-traditional beliefs is one of the most serious threats to religious values. As Justice Stevens has argued, evaluating the merits of religious claims creates “[t]he risk that government approval of some and disapproval of others will be  [387]  perceived as favoring one religion over another is an important risk the Establishment Clause was designed to preclude.”139 Stevens’s position is supported by two of the Court’s most famous pronouncements on the illegitimacy of legal determination of orthodoxy. In Watson v. Jones, 140 the Court stated that “[t]he law knows no heresy, and is committed to the support of no dogma, the establishment of no sect.” 141 In West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 142 it declared, “[i]f there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion.” 143

Similar problems exist with sincerity. If protection of religious practice means anything, it means that the government cannot reject as false particular religious creeds. Yet how can one judge the sincerity of an individual’s belief without judging the reasonableness of the belief? As Justice Jackson argued in United States v. Ballard, the problem is essentially insoluble. 144

Moreover, there is difficulty even in the act of inquiring into an individual’s religious beliefs, since such an inquiry raises the troublesome spectre of state inquisition into religious motivation and governmental attempts to impeach professed religious convictions. According to Chief Justice Warren: “[A] state-conducted inquiry into the sincerity of the individual’s religious beliefs [is] a practice which a State might believe would itself run afoul of the spirit of constitutionally protected religious guarantees.” 145

It is, thus, not an overstatement to suggest that avoiding the sincerity and religiosity inquiries might alone support abandoning the free exercise exemption. When one combines the possibility that any activity could potentially be characterized as religious with the conclusion that there are no appropriate ways to distinguish legitimate from illegitimate religious assertions, the case against expanding free exercise protection becomes more compelling. 146 Indeed, this concern alone has motivated Justice Stevens  [388]  to suggest placing a virtually “insurmountable burden” on the free exercise claimant seeking an exemption from a neutral law of general applicability. 147

More interestingly, this concern with extensive inquiries into religious beliefs has led some of the strongest proponents of expansive free exercise protection to offer surprisingly limited standards for religious claims to special exemption. Professor McConnell would vindicate such claims primarily when the state has already employed a mechanism for “case-by-case determinations of a subjective nature by responsible officials, or [when] the religious accommodation can be reduced to a simple objective rule that can be administered at the operational level.” 148Concern for the sincerity and religiosity issues has led Professor Lupu to construct a threshold inquiry into what constitutes a burden on free exercise, in part, to weed out free exercise claims before reaching the sincerity and religiosity determinations. 149 Professor Pepper refuses to shy away from the sincerity inquiry but ultimately adopts a definition for deciding what qualifies as “religion” that expands the understanding of “religion” to protect “a core area of liberty” termed “conscience.” 150 The merits of these positions will be discussed below. 151 The point is that even free exercise exemption advocates recognize that powerful arguments in favor of the protection of religion and religious belief support the elimination of the constitutionally compelled free exercise exemption.

B. Elimination of Favoritism for Religious Belief and Exercise

The second argument against the free exercise claim for exemption is that it seeks a favoritism for religion that itself raises serious constitutional concerns. The concern with such favoritism is most evident when the exemption sought is from regulatory measures that directly affect the dissemination of ideas. The exemption of religious proponents vests them with a distinct competitive advantage over their secular counterparts. For example, assume a rule that restricts all solicitations at a state fair to fixed-booth  [389]  locations. 152 If a religious organization, because of the religious belief of its members, is exempted from the rule and accordingly is allowed to engage in unrestricted face-to-face solicitation, it will be better able to raise money, expound its philosophy, and seek converts than will the non-religious groups that remain restricted to fixed locations. Thus, given a religious and a secular organization of similar size and budget, the exempted religious group will be better placed than its secular counterpart to raise funds and exert its influence — a significant advantage given the Supreme Court’s canon that “money is speech.” 153 The special exemption, in effect, grants to those advancing religious views more power than their secular counterparts.

This favoritism toward religious organizations, of course, violates the central principle in speech jurisprudence that every idea has equal dignity in the competition for acceptance in the market-place of ideas. 154 Providing greater protection for religious speakers suggests, in direct opposition to this principle, that there exists a constitutional hierarchy in which religious ideas occupy a higher position than secular ideas. This preferred status undercuts the “equal liberty of expression guaranteed by the first amendment.” 155

[390]  Not surprisingly, the Court’s reliance on equality-of-ideas notions has consistently led it to reject claims under the free exercise clause in circumstances where cognizable speech claims would be denied. 156 For example, in Prince v. Massachusetts, 157 in rejecting a claim for a greater right of free exercise, the Court had this to say:

If by this position appellant seeks for freedom of conscience a broader protection than for freedom of the mind, it may be doubted that any of the great liberties insured by the First [Amendment] can be given higher place than the others. All have preferred position in our basic scheme. All are interwoven there together. Differences there are, in them and in the modes appropriate for their exercise. But they have unity in the charter’s prime place because they have unity in their human sources and functionings. Heart and mind are not identical. Intuitive faith and reasoned judgment are not the same. Spirit is not always thought. But in the everyday business of living, secular or otherwise, these variant aspects of personality find inseparable expression in a thousand ways. They cannot be altogether parted in law more than in life. 158

Speech clause problems, however, are not the only concerns. Favoritism for religious speech over non-religious speech is also antithetical to establishment clause policies. Singling out religion for special treatment raises establishment concerns in any case, but as the recent Texas Monthly case attests, the difficulty is exacerbated when the special treatment concerns speech. 159 Part of [391]  the underlying theory of freedom of speech is that it creates the discourse necessary for self-government. 160 The establishment clause, however, imposes a unique limitation on direct religious influence over government that does not apply to non-religious sources. 161 Although religion undoubtedly should play a part in the political process, 162 it is untenable to assert that religion ought  [392]  to have special advantage in the public debate. Giving a competitive advantage to religious speech in the marketplace of ideas and in the discourse that leads to self-governance turns the establishment clause on its head.

Perhaps because of the speech and establishment clause problems, the consensus is that when speech and religion overlap, special protection for free exercise claims need not be maintained.163 The primary concern is what is to be protected. Yet, to find the scope of free exercise broader than the scope of free speech ultimately leads to the same kinds of concerns.

The Thomas case, for example, involved a person who objected to working in an armaments factory. 164 Because the person’s objection was based on religious belief, the Court found it constitutionally protected. The Court was equally clear, however, that if the claim were based on secular moral grounds, it would be denied. 165 But why should the objection on religious grounds to working in an armaments factory be entitled to constitutional protection, while an objection to the same work based on moral grounds be denied? A similar problem exists in Yoder. 166 Why should the Amish be exempted from Wisconsin compulsory school education while other groups that desire to have their children free of public school influence not be entitled to the exclusion?167

[393]  If only the religion claim is protected, religious beliefs are accorded a more favorable position in the constitutional hierarchy than are secular beliefs. However, as we have already seen, such a hierarchy is constitutionally suspect, since it denies religious and secular beliefs equal constitutional dignity. 168

Moreover, as with expressive religious activity, favored treatment raises concerns of political effect. Religious beliefs do not exist in a vacuum and, even when they are not political in themselves, they can evolve to political dimensions. 169 In addition to the obviously political and religious issues of abortion and capital punishment, consider also for example, as Professor Greenawalt has done, for example, the religious influence on such issues as animal rights and the environment. 170 Indeed, the infusion of religious beliefs into the political process is an important, necessary, and perhaps even unavoidable part of democratic decision-making. 171Similarly, as has been noted in civic-republicanism theory, religion and religious belief promote the values in the citizenry that are necessary for responsible public decision-making. 172 Religious belief, in short, cannot and should not be segregated from its political effect.

If this is so, however, then freeing religious exercise from neutral strictures gives religious beliefs an unfair advantage over competing value systems in the political marketplace. If religious beliefs are subsidized in a way secular beliefs are not (as in Thomas) or if they are insulated from the societal forces that routinely challenge any belief system (as in Yoder or as was requested by the plaintiffs in Mozert v. Hawkins County Board of Education, 173 the public school textbooks case), they become reinforced  [394]  with an artificial vitality. This favoring of religious ideas runs counter to both establishment clause concerns with religious domination of the political process and speech clause concerns with the need for equality in the marketplace of ideas.

Finally, the creation of constitutionally compelled protection for religious beliefs is also problematic because it judicially legitimizes the religious belief in comparison to the non-religious. The moral authority of the Court is placed, in effect, behind the religious belief. 174 In defending special free exercise protection, Professor Ira Lupu has stated the issue well: “Free exercise exemptions from general regulatory statutes are a form of constitutional tribute to individual acts of faith.”175 Lupu makes the statement approvingly; however, the claim that religion merits special tribute seems ill-founded in light of establishment and equality-of-ideas concerns. This claim also appears to contradict the seminal principles announced in Watson v. Jones 176 and West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette. 177 Since the law cannot promote orthodoxy in the truth of belief, so it would seem, the law should not support orthodoxy in the type of belief.

C. Doctrinal Concerns

Abandoning the free exercise claim for exemption is also supported by doctrinal concerns. As we have seen, the Court’s attempts to grapple with Sherbert’s doctrinal support of exemptions have been chaotic. 178 The reason for this may be that doctrinal inconsistency is an inevitable product of the Sherbert methodology. As Justice Scalia has explained, the systematic use of a compelling interest test, taken seriously, would necessarily create havoc in a society comprised of diverse religious beliefs. 179 It is  [395]  therefore not surprising that the cases have commonly denied free exercise relief even while ostensibly applying Sherbert’s standards.

Certainly, doctrinal clarity is not an end in itself and should be abandoned if the doctrine in question does not adequately serve its purposes. However, the argument that free exercise claims for exemption should be denied and relief granted solely under the speech clause does not seriously limit protection of free exercise activity. The most stringent constitutional standard of review, after all, is the one applied in speech cases. 180

Any curtailment in the protection of religious exercise under this theory would occur only in thescope of which activities are covered. Even here, however, it is important not to overstate the significance of the exclusion. As we have seen, protection for religious liberty has been quite extensive under the speech clause, encompassing essential forms of religious exercise such as prayer, proselytism, and even some forms of religious conscientious objection. 181 Moreover, other claims that have been litigated exclusively as free exercise cases might easily be construed as involving protected speech activity as well. For example, in Bob Jones University v. United States, 182 the petitioners’ claim that they should be entitled to tax-exempt status parallels the speech claim of the taxpayer in Speiser v. Randall, 183 who successfully argued that he could not be denied favorable tax treatment simply because he did not sign a loyalty oath. Simcha Goldman’s 184 claim that his religious principles required him to wear religious headgear while serving in the military might have been successfully characterized as speech. 185 In Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 186 the Court even recognized a student’s decision to wear black arm bands as a mode of free expression.

Of course, the fact that potential free exercise claims can be  [396]  recharacterized as speech claims does not mean that they will be successful. A military officer who chose to wear a black arm band as a protest against war would probably not be entitled to an exemption from uniform requirements. The critical point, to repeat, is that the breadth of religious activity covered under the speech clause is already expansive and to a large degree includes the core of religious exercise. It is therefore only a modest loss in the scope of protection for religious activities that need be measured against the gains created by avoiding the problems inherent in exempting only religious activity.

It is even possible that some loss in the scope of protection could be remedied by an expansion of the parameters of the speech clause. Such expansion, however, even if moderate, is, as Professor Tushnet asserts, unlikely given the current composition of the Supreme Court. 187 Yet, since much of religious ritual is intended to convey ideas, it would not be too radical a step to protect such activity as symbolic speech. 188 Similarly, protection for the conscientious objection of both religious and non-religious persons could be realized under existing speech precedent. 189

[397]  Nevertheless, even if freedom of speech were expanded, activities protected under this expansively interpreted clause would not necessarily lead to the same protection in result as if only religious exercise were protected. This is because the greater the range of activity for which constitutional protection is sought, the greater becomes the state interest in restricting that activity. 190 For example, although a state’s interest in preventing overcrowding or fraud might not be severely compromised by the existence of eighteen members of a religious sect engaging in wandering solicitation at a state fair, its interest would be seriously compromised if those allowed to engage in that activity included all persons representing other groups protected by the speech clause, including political parties, other religions, and social-advocacy groups. 191 A court would, therefore, be more likely, when faced with the smaller class containing only religious claimants, to invalidate the state restriction.

However, this consideration only points to another of the many absurdities created by the free exercise exemption. The conclusion that a right to engage in a religious activity is more likely to prevail in the balancing equation when it implicates only free exercise (and not speech) leads to a startling conclusion: Because activities at the core of religion, such as prayer, worship, and the dissemination of ideas, are expressive, 192 they are less likely to be constitutionally vindicated under the current balancing test than are non-expressive activities of the periphery of religion.193 There  [398]  is no coherent purpose served by this result. 194

D. Legislative Exemptions for Religion — A Cautionary Note

The previous section demonstrates that establishment and speech concerns lead to the rejection of the constitutionally based free exercise exemption. It therefore raises the issue of whether legislative exemptions for religious activity are unconstitutional as well. 195 Although this Article does not attempt to provide an indepth analysis of the constitutionality of legislative exemptions, a brief response to the contention that a rejection of constitutionally based exemptions requires invalidation of legislative religious exemptions is in order.

The first issue centers on establishment. The arguments against constitutionally compelled free exercise exemptions depend, in part, on anti-establishment policies. These arguments do  [399] not, however, call for the invalidation of legislatively created exemptions under the establishment clause. In certain cases, establishment clause concerns might inform free exercise analysis and, conversely, free exercise concerns may inform establishment analysis without either provision being violated. Professor McConnell is correct when he asserts that there is room between the two clauses for permissible government action. 196 Moreover, the establishment inquiry asks a very different question than does free exercise; specifically, establishment asks whether the challenged government action connotes the endorsement of religion. 197 Legislative exemptions from certain types of regulation do not imply this endorsement as readily as do affirmative grants or subsidies. 198

This is not to suggest that legislative exemptions should be immune from establishment clause review. The Court has indicated, for example, that an “unyielding weighting” of a state provision in favor of religion may raise establishment concerns. 199 Statutory exemptions from regulations directly affecting the dissemination of ideas or otherwise allowing religious groups to disproportionately extend their “worldly influence” may also be particularly suspect under establishment analysis. 200 These establishment  [400]  limitations on legislative exemptions exist, however, irrespective of the specific arguments advanced in this Article.

The conclusion that free exercise is not independent from speech has more serious implications for review of legislative exemptions under the speech clause. If religious activity is speech, favorable treatment for religious activity would presumably violate the content-neutrality requirements of the speech clause. For example, if the hiring and firing of employees is considered symbolic speech, the Title VII exemption from liability of religious employers in certain hiring and firing decisions could be construed as a content-based regulation. The Title VII exemption might, therefore, be unconstitutional under the speech clause, despite being constitutional under the establishment clause. 201

On the other hand, this concern may be overstated. There is no absolute prohibition against statutorily exempting certain speech from government restrictions on expression. For example, inRegan v. Taxation With Representation of Washington 202 the Court held that the exclusion of tax-exempt veterans’ organizations from the lobbying restrictions imposed on other tax-exempt organizations was not an invalid, content-based regulation, even though the exemption, in effect, granted the veterans’ groups a lobbying subsidy. 203 A similar theory could be developed to support some legislative exemptions for religion.

IV. THE SOLUTIONS OF THE COMMENTATORS: HOW LITTLE THE DIFFERENCE?

Perhaps the strength of the argument against the constitutionally compelled exemption is best judged by comparing it with the proposals of those who are more favorable to the free exercise claim for exemption. Particularly interesting is that a substantial  [401]  difference in theory has not led to a substantial difference in result.

To be sure, most commentators, although critical of a minimalist free exercise approach, offer no methodology for deciding free exercise claims. 204 Some have proposed a unitary inquiry for free exercise and establishment, but in their efforts to provide a broad theoretical understanding of the religion clauses, they have left the issue of free exercise exemptions largely unaddressed.205 Professors McConnell, Pepper, and Lupu do provide solutions, but on close inspection their solutions are not significantly different from the current jurisprudence or, indeed, from the free exercise as expression thesis.

Concerned about the threat to religious values posed by governmental inquiry into sincerity and definition, Professor McConnell posits that religious exemptions should be recognized in cases where the government is already reviewing claims on a case-by-case basis:

When decisions must be made quickly, authoritatively, and even-handedly by operational personnel, the government may be entitled to resist interposing requirements of religious accommodation. But when decisions already involve case-by-case, subjective considerations, there should be little procedural objection to requiring the government to take religion into account as well. 206

Certainly McConnell’s distinction does help explain why religious claims were upheld in the unemployment compensation cases 207 while denied in other cases, such as the military uniform case of Goldman v. Weinberger. 208 In the unemployment compensation cases, the state was involved in discretionary decision-making, while in cases such as Goldman it was not.

Nonetheless, why is the threat to religious liberty any less serious when sincerity and definition determinations are made by an individual accustomed to other types of discretionary decision-making than it is with persons “who otherwise . . . exercise little  [402]  discretion to make ad hoc judgments?” 209 McConnell argues that the judgments of the latter would likely be the product of highly subjective perceptions and therefore insufficiently sensitive to the needs and practices of unfamiliar religious faiths. The experienced decision-maker would be in a dissimilar position. 210 Yet, it seems questionable that an unemployment benefits official trained in deciding what constitutes a valid secular reason to be unavailable for work would be able to evaluate, for either sincerity or religiosity, a claim such as that advanced by Eddie Thomas, that his religious conviction forbade him to work in an armaments factory. An unemployment benefits officer and any official unaccustomed to discretionary decision-making would probably be equally incompetent to judge either the sincerity or the religiosity of Thomas’s claim.

Professor McConnell does not limit the situations in which free exercise claims for exemptions should be recognized to cases involving pre-existing procedural mechanisms for case-by-case determinations. He states that “in some instances the religious claim for exemption will be so strong that the government may be required to establish procedures for its protection.” 211Nevertheless, it is clear that the primary mechanism McConnell employs to avoid the definition/sincerity dilemma prevents significantly expanded notions of free exercise protection. Moreover, even his modest proposal does not avoid the inquiries acknowledged as threatening to religious liberty interests.

Professor Pepper, on the other hand, is less deterred by the threats to religious liberty that the inquiry into sincerity and definition creates. He argues that, in order for free exercise to be taken seriously, the sincerity inquiry must also be taken seriously. 212 There is some question, however, whether Professor Pepper’s sincerity inquiry is workable. 213 Justice Jackson’s dissent in [403]  Ballard, in which he questioned the possibility of making any judgments about religious sincerity without also making judgments about religious credibility, still rings true. 214 How can one evaluate the sincerity of a religious claim without evaluating its believability, and if the inquiry into believability is prohibited by the religion clauses, how can one question sincerity at all? Even more important for present purposes, however, is how Professor Pepper would deal with the definition of religion. His response, motivated in part by the “secularization of society,” is to create a generalized protection for conscience, including matters of conscience that are beyond religious derivation. 215 Professor Pepper, in short, agrees with the central contention of this Article: that religious and non-religious rights should be treated equally. He would simply protect non-religious activities through the free exercise clause. Perhaps the difference between the approach advocated by Professor Pepper and the one advocated here is merely a matter of semantics.

Professor Ira Lupu has also advanced a theory worth noting at this point. Lupu’s theory primarily addresses the burden inquiry in free exercise analysis and not the constitutionally compelled free exercise exemption itself. 216 However, since his position implicitly accepts the propriety of the exemption, it sheds light on some of the relevant issues.

Indeed, Professor Lupu begins with one of the central contentions set forth here: The religiosity and sincerity inquiries required in free exercise analysis are highly problematic and potentially threatening to religious values. 217 In fact, his proposal of a threshold burden inquiry is primarily designed to minimize the need for the religiosity and sincerity inquiries.

Specifically, Lupu’s proposal is that the inquiry into whether religious exercise is burdened by government action is best accomplished by reference to common law principles rather than to independent  [404]  religious determination. 218 Courts will be asked to ascertain whether the government action infringes on religious exercise by examining the infringement according to common law constructs. Thus, for Lupu, Lyng 219 is an example of a case where a common-law burden might exist because the Indians in that case had presumably developed a common law analog to an easement on the government property in question. 220 As applied, then, the common law principle becomes “a religion-neutral veil behind which judges in free exercise cases can assess burdens on religion from a more objective vantage point than is otherwise available.”221

Interestingly, Lupu does not seriously dispute that his position “may coincide only roughly and fortuitously with our intuitions about what kinds of government intrusions upon religion are most severe or troublesome.” 222 Nor does he argue why possibly fortuitous claims should be entitled to special and even unique exemption. Rather, instead of a claim for favoritism, Lupu’s position is ultimately based on the conclusion, wholly accepted here, that existing free exercise methodology should be replaced with a more workable and less manipulable approach. 223

V. FAILURE TO TAKE RELIGION SERIOUSLY

At this point, a reader unfamiliar with the literature might be perplexed: If both sides of the free exercise debate agree 1) that the breadth of religious activity currently protected outside the free exercise clause is extensive, 2) that there are problems in either allowing or disallowing the free exercise, constitutionally compelled claims for exemption, and 3) that the results that would be achieved under the competing proposals are not dramatically different, then what is all the fuss about? Why is the debate over free exercise rights so strident?

The answer appears to be that the disagreement is not with  [405]  the free exercise clause at all, nor is it with the constitutionally compelled exemption. Rather, the basic dispute concerns the manner in which existing constitutional law treats religious claims. Critics contend that the current jurisprudence and the approach advocated here are, in essence, antagonistic to religion. 224 If the results in the cases have been criticized as not taking free exercise seriously, then the jurisprudence as a whole has been accused of not taking religion seriously. Purportedly it has failed to incorporate a religious, as opposed to a secular, understanding of religion into its methodology.

There are three manifestations of this criticism. One is that contemporary constitutional theory rejects religion because it sees religion as irrational. 225 A second is that it rejects religion because constitutional theory is individual-rights oriented, while religion is communal. 226 A third is that constitutional theory has failed to accept religion on the latter’s own terms because constitutional theory is based upon notions of freedom of choice, while religion is based upon notions of absolutism and obligations to a transcendent authority, notions which deny the right to choose any competing value systems. 227

There is anger in these criticisms. By treating religion as simply one form of belief, by failing to take religion on its own non-rational terms, liberal constitutional theory, according to the critics, has held religion in contempt. Professor Carter states this attack most strongly in connection with his claim that liberal constitutional theory rejects religion as irrational:

It is [the] intuition — the understanding that religion and reason exist in tension with one another — which bottoms the liberal discomfort from public religious argument. In the end we  [406] come back to the beginning; those who believe that God can heal disease are dangerous primitives. They are primitive because they do not celebrate reason as the path to the knowledge to the world. They are dangerous because if they do not celebrate reason, they may not be amenable to reason, and anyone not amenable to reason is a threat to liberal society. 228

Unfortunately, some needless objection to religion has been set forth in the religion clause jurisprudence. The suggestion in some establishment clause cases 229 and some commentary230 that religion must stay out of politics and public life seems inappropriate, if not impossible.231 Similarly, the underlying premise in the parochial-aid cases, that teachers in religious schools are incapable of teaching secular subjects without inculcating religious values, is particularly unfair. 232 Nevertheless, it is a mistake to ascribe a restrictive view of the legitimacy of the free exercise exemption to hostility towards religion.

First, the argument that constitutional theory rejects religion because of the latter’s supposed irrationality is simply a red herring. A great deal of irrational activity has been protected under the constitution, including that so-called model of rationality, the speech clause. Paul Cohen’s statement on the back of his jacket, for example, was not a form of logical discourse. 233 The protecting of intimate association under the due process clause is also a tribute  [407]  to the constitutional acknowledgment of the value of the non-rational aspects of human life. 234

More importantly, constitutional theory does not blindly accept secular positions as based on reason, nor does it blindly reject religion as based on non-rationality. The two spheres are not mutually exclusive. 235 Rationality does not end where religion begins, nor does rationality begin where religion ends. Indeed, as noted above, first principles, including the notion that reason can be used to solve human problems, are based on their own non-rational beliefs and a prioriassumptions. 236 I personally find the assumption that currently underlies the economic analysis of law, that “man is a rational maximizer of his self-interest,” 237 to be one of the great irrational leaps of faith of the twentieth century.

What is true, as Professors Gedicks and Hendrix claim, is that the languages of law and religion are incongruent. Law’s language of “objectivity, rationality, and empiricism” is not compatible with religion’s language of “faith, belief, and divine judgment.” 238 However, the inability to capture the essence of religion in a logical medium is not hostility to religion; rather, it is the inevitable result of placing any non-rational belief system, religious or secular, into a rational process. 239

The contention that free exercise jurisprudence demonstrates the inability of constitutional law to come to grips with non-individualistic values is perhaps partially correct, but, in any event, essentially misses the point. Constitutional theory has had difficulty providing a framework within which communal rights can be protected. 240 However, free exercise is not the only area in which this has occurred and, indeed, it is not accurate to place free exercise rights solely in the communal-rights camp. Religious exercise is often individualistic, 241 and non-religious value systems  [408]  and beliefs are often communal. 242 More importantly, the non-individualist criticism strays far from the attack on the rejection of the free exercise exemption. Even if the jurisprudence unduly minimizes communal rights, the question remains why religious, and only religious, groups or individuals should be entitled to exemption.

The critics are correct, however, when they contend that constitutional law does not recognize religious claims, or at least the claims of some religions, 243 to transcendent authority. Constitutional law does not recognize that to some religious adherents, religious beliefs are not products of individual choice, but are absolute truths imposed by an external authority. Liberal constitutional theory, in short, treats religion as simply another belief system. As Professor Michael Smith writes, “[t]he very propensity to identify freedom of religion with freedom of speech implies that religion is primarily a secular activity. It assumes that thought and expression, whether in the realm of politics, science or religion, are basically alike.” 244

The mistake, however, is to view this treatment as pejorative. Constitutional theory protects freedom of choice by assuming that there are a number of belief systems that an individual may adopt and that the individual is free to choose among the competing systems. Liberal constitutional theory recognizes the possibility that any one of the belief systems may be true, but because its underlying theory is based on possibility rather than authority, it cannot treat any particular system as the Truth. 245 Thus, liberal theory reacts to the belief of the religious adherent as if that individual chose her particular belief system rather than having had the [409]  truths and obligations of that belief system imposed upon her by transcendent authority.

This approach necessarily creates a tension between liberal constitutional theory and religion (or at least some religion). Liberal constitutional theory treats religious belief as a function of individual choice, while some religion treats religious beliefs as “externally imposed upon the faithful.” 246 That liberal constitutional theory resolves this tension in favor of itself, by assuming that an individual’s beliefs are the product of choice and not of externally imposed authority, is not indicative of hostility. An approach which treats religious beliefs as equal to non-religious beliefs cannot be characterized as hostile to religion; there is no antagonism in equal treatment.

Moreover, the hostility argument loses its force because it cannot seriously be contended that either the Court’s current approach or a speech methodology is non-protective of religious values.247 The constitutional standard applied in speech cases is, after all, the Court’s most stringent.248 The reluctance to inquire into sincerity and religiosity is also based on concerns protective of religious values. 249

Additionally, although reliance on assumptions of individual choice may at some level conflict with absolutist understandings, one should not forget that principles of individual choice and religion are not always antithetical. Indeed, as Professor Giannella has argued, the protection of rights of choice benefits religion:

The growth and advancement of a religious sect must come from the voluntary support of its membership. Religious voluntarism thus conforms to that abiding part of the American credo which assumes that both religion and society will be strengthened if spiritual and ideological claims seek recognition on the basis of their intrinsic merit . . . the free competition of faiths and ideas is expected to guarantee their excellence and vitality to the benefit of the entire society. 250

[410]  It may be, however, that the reason liberal constitutional theory rejects absolutism in favor of its own methodology is more fundamental. Religious issues must be decided according to the methodology of constitutional theory because, after all, it is the constitutional issues involving religion that are being decided. Logically, for a constitutional theory based on freedom of choice to advance absolutism would be to deny itself. All liberal theory can do is recognize the varieties of beliefs and protect the rights of anyone who chooses to pursue a particular mode of belief, including an absolutist one.

The foregoing, of course, is no surprise to the critics. Indeed, it is their central contention. They would argue, however, that if liberal constitutional theory subordinates a religious understanding to, or exorcises it from, its treatment of religious cases, the methodology must be abandoned in favor of one more sympathetic to religious values.

The easy answer to this criticism is that liberal constitutional theory may have its deficiencies, but at least it provides a mechanism for deciding cases. Opposing methodologies have yet to offer solutions for deciding particular disputes.

The second response is a repetition of what has already been stated in this section: A methodology based upon the assumption that individual-choice theory is highly protective of religious activity and voluntarism itself may be beneficial to the development of religion. Religion may be critical of liberal constitutional theory’s methodology, but it cannot be overly antagonistic to its results. Indeed, as to this latter point, it might be noted that, although the pressures of so-called secularism have increased in this century, participation in religion remains particularly robust. 251

Finally, the claims of hostility to religion miss the mark because they ignore the fact that the rejection of the absolutist understanding of religion in favor of individual choice is itself deeply rooted in religious principle. Critics of the constitutional methodology have argued that the liberal state should defer to religion because religion seeks a Truth that is transcendant and because the possibility exists that a religious belief system reflects a transcendent  [411]  truth. 252 This position suggests that it would be consistent with the liberal understanding to grant deference to belief systems that are possibly True. Yet, if there is true knowledge, there must also be false knowledge, and if the state should defer to the possibility of higher Truth, this goal may best be served by supporting notions of individual freedom rather than claims of externally imposed duties. Even though it is theologically controversial, one must not dismiss the argument that even if it does not reflect the religious absolutist’s understanding of religion, liberal constitutional theory reflects a profoundly religious understanding of the search for Truth; specifically that the search must be a product of man’s freedom rather than of his obligation. 253 Therefore, it is not anti-religious secularism to contend that the Constitution protects only freedom of religion and that the protection of religion itself, like the protection of any belief system, religious or secular, true or false, is only derivative.

CONCLUSION

The Supreme Court’s efforts to construct a free exercise analysis which allows for the creation of constitutionally compelled free exercise exemptions have been unsuccessful. The cases have been inconsistent, the results troubling, and the methodology confused.

The difficulties within the free exercise jurisprudence, however, are not only methodological. The maintenance of the free exercise exemption does not intelligibly, or even stringently, protect religious values and religious liberties. Indeed, by requiring investigation into definitions of religion and sincerity of religious claims, the exemption is counterproductive to religious values.

Most importantly, however, the constitutionally compelled free exercise exemption sets forth a false dichotomy between secular and religious belief systems and ignores the similarity of their functions and effects in the political and social environment. By preferring religious belief systems over all others, including philosophical, moral, and political belief systems, this exemption offends the equality-of-ideas notion that is at the core of constitutional  [412]  law. For this reason alone, the argument for constitutionally compelled free exercise exemptions should be rejected. Rejecting constitutionally favored treatment for religion will assure that one type of belief system is not artificially and unalterably fortified to the detriment of another.

Copyright (c) 1990 Case Western Reserve Law Review.
Case Western Reserve University
3053 replies

Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. Music says:

    Title

    […]please pay a visit to the web-sites we follow, including this 1, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

  2. Looking around

    I like to surf around the online world, often I will go to Digg and follow thru

  3. 100% pure kona

    […]the time to read or take a look at the content or internet sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  4. kiosk mode says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  5. Juanita says:

    Title

    […]below you’ll come across the link to some sites that we consider you ought to visit[…]

  6. coffee’s best kona

    […]one of our visitors lately advised the following website[…]

  7. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  8. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  9. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  10. television says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  11. Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi

    […]one of our visitors a short while ago proposed the following website[…]

  12. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  13. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  14. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated data, nonetheless seriously worth taking a search, whoa did 1 understand about Mid East has got much more problerms at the same time […]

  15. realistic vibrator

    […]we prefer to honor a lot of other world-wide-web internet sites around the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  16. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated information, nonetheless seriously worth taking a look, whoa did 1 find out about Mid East has got extra problerms also […]

  17. ean code says:

    ean code

    […]that may be the finish of this post. Here you will come across some internet sites that we think you will value, just click the links over[…]

  18. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  19. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the web, often I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  20. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I noted

  21. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  22. Title

    […]we came across a cool website that you could possibly love. Take a appear when you want[…]

  23. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  24. 2H2D says:

    2H2D

    […]the time to study or pay a visit to the content material or web pages we’ve linked to beneath the[…]

  25. Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some internet sites that we believe you must visit[…]

  26. website

    ​[…] website […]

  27. Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some web pages that we consider it is best to visit[…]

  28. Title

    […]the time to read or pay a visit to the material or websites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  29. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I found

  30. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  31. Title

    […]that is the finish of this report. Here you will discover some websites that we feel you will enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  32. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  33. seo says:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated data, nevertheless definitely worth taking a search, whoa did 1 learn about Mid East has got much more problerms too […]

  34. Title

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some web-sites that we consider you ought to visit[…]

  35. سئو says:

    Title

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but don’t get a good deal of link really like from[…]

  36. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  37. Title

    […]the time to read or stop by the subject material or websites we have linked to below the[…]

  38. male sex toys

    […]we prefer to honor several other internet web-sites on the internet, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  39. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  40. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  41. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  42. Title

    […]the time to read or visit the content or web pages we have linked to below the[…]

  43. hands free sex toys

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to due to the fact we feel they are really worth visiting[…]

  44. comfort zone traveling spa

    […]Here is a good Weblog You may Discover Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  45. best sex toy cleaner

    […]the time to study or take a look at the content or internet sites we have linked to below the[…]

  46. cheap cock rings

    […]that may be the finish of this report. Here you’ll uncover some web pages that we believe you will enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  47. jelly vibrator

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  48. 1 home improvements indianapolis

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nonetheless truly worth taking a appear, whoa did a single study about Mid East has got more problerms as well […]

  49. chinese antiquities

    […]the time to study or check out the content material or web-sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  50. POV XXX says:

    Title

    […]that may be the end of this report. Here you’ll find some websites that we consider you will value, just click the links over[…]

  51. Title

    […]Every when inside a although we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below would be the newest sites that we pick […]

  52. Title

    […]although websites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they may be truly worth a go as a result of, so have a look[…]

  53. video free says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a excellent article about

  54. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the web, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  55. sportovni podprsenky

    […]below you’ll find the link to some web sites that we feel you’ll want to visit[…]

  56. Spiritual healing

    […]please take a look at the websites we comply with, which includes this one, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  57. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  58. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  59. Title

    […]Every once inside a although we decide on blogs that we read. Listed below would be the newest web-sites that we choose […]

  60. Lefkoşa satılık villa

    […]here are some hyperlinks to websites that we link to mainly because we assume they are really worth visiting[…]

  61. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I saw a great post concerning

  62. daddy finger says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  63. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  64. y k business school mauritius

    […]one of our visitors not long ago recommended the following website[…]

  65. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  66. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  67. phwiki says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  68. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  69. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  70. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  71. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  72. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  73. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I saw a great article concerning

  74. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  75. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  76. casinoonline says:

    Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  77. Usak Eskort says:

    Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  78. business school of netherlands

    […]we came across a cool site that you simply might get pleasure from. Take a appear for those who want[…]

  79. buy essay says:

    Title

    […]here are some links to web sites that we link to since we believe they are worth visiting[…]

  80. back to school for preschool lesson plans

    […]Here are a few of the internet sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  81. Meditation says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I found

  82. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  83. Internet Marketing

    […]one of our guests just lately proposed the following website[…]

  84. website

    ​[…] website […]

  85. Biznet says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to get good help, but here is

  86. Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  87. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  88. web site says:

    web site

    […]check beneath, are some entirely unrelated sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  89. barcode kaufen

    […]although internet websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we feel they may be essentially worth a go by means of, so have a look[…]

  90. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I found

  91. ed.s. degree online georgia

    […]although websites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they are actually worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[…]

  92. W88 says:

    Looking around

    I like to look around the web, regularly I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  93. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  94. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  95. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  96. computer education games

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you just could enjoy. Take a appear if you want[…]

  97. Title

    […]very few web sites that come about to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely really worth checking out[…]

  98. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  99. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  100. Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few totally not related internet sites to ours, nonetheless, they are surely really worth going over[…]

  101. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  102. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and found

  103. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  104. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  105. Title

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I love but really don’t get a lot of link appreciate from[…]

  106. Title

    […]we prefer to honor a lot of other internet websites around the internet, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  107. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  108. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  109. enter site says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  110. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I found

  111. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its hard to find good help, but here is

  112. 他媽的 says:

    Trackback

    […]The total glance of your site is great, let smartly as the content![…]

  113. Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the internet, often I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  114. Title

    […]one of our guests not long ago recommended the following website[…]

  115. Pontiac says:

    Pontiac

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some web sites that we feel it is best to visit[…]

  116. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its hard to find quality help, but here is

  117. Car Shield says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its difficult to find quality help, but here is

  118. Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, often I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  119. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent post about

  120. Title

    […]below you’ll discover the link to some web-sites that we consider you’ll want to visit[…]

  121. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  122. Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but really don’t get a great deal of link love from[…]

  123. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to find quality help, but here is

  124. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  125. Title

    […]usually posts some extremely interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  126. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  127. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I noticed a excellent article about

  128. Commentary says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  129. Title

    […]Every when in a although we choose blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most up-to-date web-sites that we choose […]

  130. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  131. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise info but here I found

  132. website

    ​[…] website […]

  133. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting info

  134. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  135. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a great article about

  136. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated data, nevertheless really worth taking a look, whoa did 1 understand about Mid East has got a lot more problerms at the same time […]

  137. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  138. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great article about

  139. Walmartone says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise info but here I found

  140. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  141. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  142. check says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  143. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to procure good help, but here is

  144. sensory toys says:

    Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the web, often I will go to Digg and follow thru

  145. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  146. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  147. Looking around

    I like to browse around the internet, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  148. CX feedback says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  149. Title

    […]Every after inside a while we opt for blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the most up-to-date web pages that we decide on […]

  150. Title

    […]Here are some of the web-sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  151. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its difficult to get good help, but here is

  152. Title

    […]that could be the finish of this post. Right here you’ll uncover some websites that we assume you will appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  153. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great article concerning

  154. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  155. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  156. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  157. Title

    […]we prefer to honor several other world wide web internet sites around the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  158. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its hard to get good help, but here is

  159. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  160. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  161. Title

    […]very couple of web sites that happen to become comprehensive below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out[…]

  162. dependência química

    […]The information mentioned inside the article are several of the best out there […]

  163. Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  164. Pinganillos says:

    Title

    […]The details talked about within the article are several of the very best out there […]

  165. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting info

  166. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  167. review link says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I saw a excellent article about

  168. drone-works says:

    Title

    […]Every after inside a while we pick blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the most current internet sites that we pick out […]

  169. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  170. casinos wing says:

    Title

    […]although sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they are basically worth a go by, so possess a look[…]

  171. Double Headed Dildo

    […]usually posts some incredibly intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  172. Title

    […]usually posts some very fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  173. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  174. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  175. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  176. Child porn says:

    Title

    […]very few web-sites that take place to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely really worth checking out[…]

  177. special education idea

    […]that could be the end of this report. Right here you’ll find some web pages that we consider you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  178. website

    ​[…] website […]

  179. website

    ​[…] website […]

  180. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise information but here I noted

  181. Child sex says:

    Title

    […]one of our visitors recently proposed the following website[…]

  182. Title

    […]just beneath, are various entirely not related sites to ours, on the other hand, they are certainly worth going over[…]

  183. security cameras installation

    […] website[…]

  184. double penetration

    […]usually posts some extremely fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  185. everyday deals location

    […]we like to honor a lot of other online sites around the net, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  186. Title

    […]we prefer to honor numerous other online sites around the internet, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  187. goal setting says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am forever saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  188. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  189. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  190. Another Title

    I saw this really great post today.

  191. Title

    […]that could be the finish of this report. Right here you’ll discover some web-sites that we think you’ll value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  192. e learning mind

    […]we like to honor many other world wide web sites on the net, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  193. pure kona says:

    pure kona

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated data, nevertheless really worth taking a look, whoa did 1 master about Mid East has got far more problerms too […]

  194. learning 4 year olds

    […]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I love but don’t get lots of link like from[…]

  195. Title

    […]the time to study or go to the material or websites we have linked to below the[…]

  196. …Visitor recommendations

    […] What host are you the use of? Can I am getting your associate link on your host? I want site loaded up as quickly as yours lol[…]

  197. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  198. writing jobs says:

    writing jobs

    […]check below, are some totally unrelated web sites to ours, however, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  199. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  200. Title

    This is my Excerpt

  201. Title

    […]although web-sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they may be essentially really worth a go via, so have a look[…]

  202. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  203. Air Jordan 12 Low Cool Grey For Sale

    […]we like to honor a lot of other online sites on the net, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  204. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a great post concerning

  205. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  206. Title

    […]The facts mentioned in the report are a number of the very best readily available […]

  207. women says:

    women

    […]usually posts some very fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  208. Title

    […]please check out the internet sites we follow, including this one particular, because it represents our picks through the web[…]

  209. recovery clinic

    […]that would be the end of this post. Right here you’ll discover some web sites that we believe you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  210. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  211. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  212. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the web, often I will go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  213. Title

    […]Every the moment inside a even though we select blogs that we study. Listed below would be the newest websites that we pick […]

  214. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  215. Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, often I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  216. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  217. Title

    […]very handful of websites that transpire to be comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely worth checking out[…]

  218. places to stay in los angeles

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I adore but really don’t get quite a bit of link really like from[…]

  219. Title

    […]please pay a visit to the internet sites we stick to, which includes this one, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  220. Bulk/Wholesale Empty capsules

    […]that may be the end of this post. Here you will obtain some internet sites that we consider you will appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  221. Title

    […]The facts mentioned within the post are a number of the most effective accessible […]

  222. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  223. website

    ​[…] website […]

  224. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  225. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  226. Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  227. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I saw a excellent post about

  228. wedding night tips in urdu

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but don’t get a great deal of link adore from[…]

  229. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  230. Footwear for deployed military soldiers

    […]usually posts some really intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  231. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever saying that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  232. UC News says:

    Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  233. Title

    […]below you will discover the link to some websites that we believe you’ll want to visit[…]

  234. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  235. 8 tier wedding cake pictures

    […]The information mentioned within the report are a few of the most effective readily available […]

  236. Title

    […]check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, nevertheless, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  237. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  238. porn says:

    Title

    […]please go to the internet sites we adhere to, such as this 1, because it represents our picks in the web[…]

  239. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  240. Title

    […]just beneath, are many entirely not associated web sites to ours, on the other hand, they are certainly really worth going over[…]

  241. website

    ​[…] website […]

  242. data science courses

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated data, nevertheless really really worth taking a search, whoa did one particular discover about Mid East has got more problerms also […]

  243. website

    ​[…] website […]

  244. Title

    […]here are some hyperlinks to websites that we link to for the reason that we feel they are worth visiting[…]

  245. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  246. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  247. Jehovah says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  248. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  249. Title

    […]here are some links to sites that we link to for the reason that we feel they’re really worth visiting[…]

  250. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  251. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a excellent article about

  252. website

    ​[…] website […]

  253. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  254. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I noted

  255. Title

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but really don’t get a whole lot of link really like from[…]

  256. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  257. Title

    […]we came across a cool site that you simply may take pleasure in. Take a appear should you want[…]

  258. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  259. penis health says:

    Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  260. website

    ​[…] website […]

  261. news says:

    news

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world wide web internet sites on the net, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  262. Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few absolutely not related websites to ours, nonetheless, they’re certainly worth going over[…]

  263. Female Sex Toys

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some internet sites that we consider you’ll want to visit[…]

  264. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  265. Step Dads Poems

    […]usually posts some pretty interesting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  266. https://youtu.be/c49tU2i2JSI

    […]the time to read or go to the content or websites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  267. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  268. Another Title

    I saw this really great post today.

  269. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  270. 3d printer says:

    Title

    […]below you will find the link to some web-sites that we believe you’ll want to visit[…]

  271. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to procure good help, but here is

  272. simple wedding dresses

    […]the time to read or visit the content or sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  273. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  274. Hollow Strap On Dildo

    […]please take a look at the internet sites we adhere to, which includes this a single, because it represents our picks in the web[…]

  275. website

    ​[…] website […]

  276. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  277. website

    ​[…] website […]

  278. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great article concerning

  279. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting info

  280. replacing missing teeth

    […]just beneath, are a lot of totally not associated web pages to ours, nevertheless, they may be certainly worth going over[…]

  281. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate information but here I found

  282. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  283. fishing redding

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  284. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a excellent article concerning

  285. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  286. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  287. TensorFlow says:

    TensorFlow

    […]Every after in a when we select blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the most recent web-sites that we opt for […]

  288. 100% kona coffee

    […]check below, are some entirely unrelated websites to ours, even so, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  289. Title

    […]very few web sites that happen to become comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out[…]

  290. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  291. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  292. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a excellent article about

  293. website

    ​[…] website […]

  294. website

    ​[…] website […]

  295. punta cana wedding photographer

    […]although web-sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are in fact really worth a go through, so have a look[…]

  296. vps hosting says:

    Title

    […]Here is a superb Blog You may Obtain Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  297. Different Types of Sex Toys

    […]very couple of web sites that take place to become comprehensive beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly worth checking out[…]

  298. BDSM says:

    BDSM

    […]Here are several of the web sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  299. website

    ​[…] website […]

  300. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  301. Title

    […]very few internet websites that come about to become detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly really worth checking out[…]

  302. http://www.hamptonbaylightinghd.com

    […]Here is an excellent Weblog You might Find Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  303. Alexa says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  304. wedding shoes x

    […]Here is a great Weblog You may Locate Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  305. website

    ​[…] website […]

  306. room decorating ideas zen

    […]that would be the end of this report. Right here you’ll find some websites that we think you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  307. nem ormekur says:

    Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  308. share lagu says:

    Looking around

    I like to surf around the online world, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  309. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  310. Title

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you just may well delight in. Take a search in the event you want[…]

  311. Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, regularly I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  312. se mere her says:

    Title

    […]one of our guests lately advised the following website[…]

  313. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  314. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the internet, often I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  315. sims 3 home decorating ideas

    […]Here is a good Blog You might Find Intriguing that we Encourage You[…]

  316. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to get good help, but here is

  317. Watches says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great article about

  318. Title

    […]The facts talked about within the write-up are some of the most beneficial out there […]

  319. e home designs

    […]the time to study or pay a visit to the content material or web-sites we have linked to below the[…]

  320. http://buyusedmonitors.com says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  321. bohemian crystal

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  322. cool says:

    cool

    […]just beneath, are various absolutely not associated web pages to ours, nonetheless, they are certainly really worth going over[…]

  323. Title

    […]although internet websites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be truly really worth a go as a result of, so have a look[…]

  324. th 6 home base design

    […]below you’ll come across the link to some web-sites that we feel you must visit[…]

  325. web site says:

    web site

    […]The details mentioned within the write-up are a number of the most effective out there […]

  326. home garden landscape

    […]the time to study or go to the content material or web-sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  327. Title

    […]one of our guests recently suggested the following website[…]

  328. nSpire Network Signup

    […]Here are a few of the web-sites we suggest for our visitors[…]

  329. Irrigation system

    […]The information mentioned in the article are several of the most beneficial readily available […]

  330. Title

    […]we like to honor lots of other internet web sites on the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  331. SidesX says:

    website

    ​[…] website […]

  332. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  333. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  334. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  335. jimmy buffet says:

    jimmy buffet

    […]the time to read or visit the material or sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  336. Title

    […]the time to study or take a look at the material or web pages we’ve linked to below the[…]

  337. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  338. porn stories says:

    porn stories

    […]just beneath, are numerous completely not connected websites to ours, even so, they may be certainly worth going over[…]

  339. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  340. website

    ​[…] website […]

  341. r.k furniture house

    […]just beneath, are quite a few completely not related sites to ours, on the other hand, they are surely worth going over[…]

  342. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  343. home improvement 7×11

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated information, nonetheless really worth taking a look, whoa did one particular find out about Mid East has got more problerms also […]

  344. bogor news says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great article about

  345. Design highlights

    […]we prefer to honor a lot of other internet web-sites around the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Beneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  346. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  347. Lawjixx says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  348. heaters says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  349. architect says:

    architect

    […]The info talked about in the post are several of the best available […]

  350. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  351. website

    ​[…] website […]

  352. 100% kona says:

    100% kona

    […]Every once in a even though we decide on blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most recent web sites that we select […]

  353. buy kona says:

    buy kona

    […]below you’ll locate the link to some web sites that we assume you must visit[…]

  354. website

    ​[…] website […]

  355. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  356. chicago says:

    chicago

    […]Here is a good Blog You might Locate Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  357. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  358. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  359. UBRA Boats says:

    website

    ​[…] website […]

  360. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nonetheless truly really worth taking a search, whoa did a single learn about Mid East has got much more problerms as well […]

  361. Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some web-sites that we assume you need to visit[…]

  362. fashion tokyo 2014

    […]that will be the end of this article. Right here you will discover some web-sites that we assume you will appreciate, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  363. Gilangp says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  364. Looking around

    I like to look around the web, often I will go to Digg and follow thru

  365. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  366. Title

    […]the time to read or visit the content material or web sites we’ve linked to beneath the[…]

  367. m&co maxi dresses

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nonetheless genuinely really worth taking a appear, whoa did one particular understand about Mid East has got more problerms at the same time […]

  368. Title

    […]the time to read or visit the subject material or web-sites we have linked to below the[…]

  369. 皮諾丘dvd says:

    皮諾丘dvd

    […]we like to honor a lot of other web web pages on the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  370. Medigap 2018 says:

    Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate info but here I noted

  371. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  372. Title

    […]please go to the sites we adhere to, which includes this 1, because it represents our picks through the web[…]

  373. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise info but here I noted

  374. Looking around

    I like to surf around the web, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  375. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  376. Title

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web pages that we link to because we feel they are really worth visiting[…]

  377. gambling says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  378. her comment is here

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  379. سرور مجاری فرانسه

    […]one of our guests not too long ago advised the following website[…]

  380. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  381. Cheap Womens MLB Baseball Jerseys

    […]Here are some of the web-sites we suggest for our visitors[…]

  382. Buy rap beats

    […]that is the end of this article. Here you’ll locate some sites that we believe you will enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  383. women’s luxury lifestyle

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nonetheless truly worth taking a appear, whoa did a single discover about Mid East has got a lot more problerms as well […]

  384. Bitz says:

    website

    ​[…] website […]

  385. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to get good help, but here is

  386. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  387. brand x skateboards

    […]check below, are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, even so, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  388. kinokradserial

    kinokradserial

  389. watson x watson fashion week 2015

    […]we like to honor many other net websites around the net, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  390. Title

    […]we came across a cool site that you simply could appreciate. Take a search for those who want[…]

  391. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and realized

  392. trampolin says:

    Title

    […]below you will locate the link to some web-sites that we feel you need to visit[…]

  393. c & b fashionable outlet

    […]although web sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we really feel they are truly really worth a go by means of, so possess a look[…]

  394. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I noticed a excellent post about

  395. smart says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and realized

  396. women’s fashion knox city

    […]Every after in a while we decide on blogs that we study. Listed beneath are the most current web-sites that we choose […]

  397. she said says:

    Title

    […]the time to study or visit the material or web-sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  398. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  399. animeindotv says:

    Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the internet, often I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  400. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a great post concerning

  401. c fashion design

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to for the reason that we feel they are worth visiting[…]

  402. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  403. DMV Defense says:

    Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the web, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  404. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  405. travel zones says:

    travel zones

    […]Every as soon as inside a whilst we opt for blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the most recent websites that we pick […]

  406. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the internet, often I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  407. website

    ​[…] website […]

  408. travel agencies hiring

    […]Here are some of the internet sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  409. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I noticed a excellent article concerning

  410. qatar travel places

    […]please check out the sites we comply with, like this one, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  411. travel insurance grace period

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but do not get quite a bit of link love from[…]

  412. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I saw a excellent post about

  413. Title

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you may appreciate. Take a look if you want[…]

  414. atlanta area piano classes

    […]we came across a cool web-site which you might love. Take a search in the event you want[…]

  415. hunde sygdom says:

    Looking around

    I like to browse around the online world, regularly I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  416. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and found

  417. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  418. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I saw a excellent article concerning

  419. Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the online world, regularly I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  420. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  421. Title

    […]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but don’t get a great deal of link adore from[…]

  422. affair says:

    affair

    […]Here are a number of the sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  423. China Import Consulting

    […]Here are several of the web sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  424. traveling around the world price

    […]Here are several of the web-sites we suggest for our visitors[…]

  425. Title

    […]Here is a great Weblog You may Discover Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  426. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and realized

  427. clique aqui says:

    Title

    […]Here is a great Weblog You may Come across Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  428. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  429. Title

    […]although web-sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are basically really worth a go by means of, so possess a look[…]

  430. 福井脱毛 says:

    福井脱毛

    […]here are some links to web sites that we link to because we think they’re worth visiting[…]

  431. 福井脱毛 says:

    福井脱毛

    […]very couple of sites that take place to become in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly really worth checking out[…]

  432. business travel magazine xmas party

    […]one of our guests not long ago suggested the following website[…]

  433. Agen Judi says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  434. Title

    […]although web sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are really worth a go by means of, so have a look[…]

  435. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  436. Title

    […]check below, are some absolutely unrelated sites to ours, nevertheless, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  437. cleaning says:

    Title

    […]that may be the finish of this article. Right here you’ll locate some web-sites that we think you will enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  438. Title

    […]although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not related to ours, we feel they’re in fact worth a go by means of, so possess a look[…]

  439. website

    ​[…] website […]

  440. 福井脱毛 says:

    福井脱毛

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but do not get a great deal of link really like from[…]

  441. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  442. 福井脱毛 says:

    福井脱毛

    […]Here is a great Weblog You may Discover Intriguing that we Encourage You[…]

  443. website

    ​[…] website […]

  444. website

    ​[…] website […]

  445. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  446. traveling salesman problem

    […]Every once in a even though we pick out blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the newest web pages that we pick out […]

  447. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  448. Look there for more:

    […]I am now not sure where you are getting your info, however good topic.[…]

  449. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  450. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the internet, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  451. dumbbells says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  452. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and realized

  453. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I noted

  454. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the online world, regularly I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  455. Title

    […]the time to read or check out the material or sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  456. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  457. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated information, nonetheless definitely really worth taking a look, whoa did a single find out about Mid East has got far more problerms at the same time […]

  458. Title

    […]one of our visitors lately recommended the following website[…]

  459. lawn bowls says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  460. full version pc games download

    […]that will be the finish of this write-up. Here you’ll come across some sites that we assume you’ll value, just click the links over[…]

  461. paris travel guide 5 days

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but do not get quite a bit of link enjoy from[…]

  462. potencja says:

    Title

    […]check beneath, are some totally unrelated internet websites to ours, nevertheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  463. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  464. borderlands 2 world traveler not unlocking

    […]The data talked about inside the report are some of the very best offered […]

  465. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a great post concerning

  466. Title

    […]although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are really worth a go via, so possess a look[…]

  467. Looking around

    I like to surf around the internet, often I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  468. pc app for windows 8

    […]we came across a cool website that you simply may well get pleasure from. Take a look for those who want[…]

  469. apps for pc free download

    […]below you’ll discover the link to some web pages that we think it is best to visit[…]

  470. website

    ​[…] website […]

  471. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  472. Dispal S250 aluminum

    […]please pay a visit to the web pages we stick to, including this 1, because it represents our picks from the web[…]

  473. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  474. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  475. check that says:

    check that

    […]below you’ll uncover the link to some web-sites that we assume it is best to visit[…]

  476. Pinganillos says:

    Pinganillos

    […]we came across a cool web site which you may well love. Take a look when you want[…]

  477. 韓国エスコートアガシ

    […]Every after inside a although we pick blogs that we study. Listed below are the most current web pages that we choose […]

  478. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  479. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate information but here I found

  480. Kids Videos says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent article about

  481. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  482. Herpes Cure says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  483. going here says:

    Title

    […]check below, are some totally unrelated websites to ours, nonetheless, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  484. Pinganillos says:

    Pinganillos

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  485. Title

    […]below you will discover the link to some internet sites that we consider you ought to visit[…]

  486. Buy Phentermine

    […]usually posts some incredibly intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  487. website

    ​[…] website […]

  488. Title

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world wide web web-sites on the net, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  489. Pinganillo says:

    Pinganillo

    […]below you will come across the link to some web sites that we consider you must visit[…]

  490. iPhone cases says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  491. …For further Information click here

    […]I am now not sure where you are getting your info, however good topic.[…]

  492. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  493. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  494. waterproof anal sex toy

    […]please go to the web pages we comply with, which includes this one, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  495. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  496. Kamagra says:

    Title

    […]Every after inside a while we select blogs that we read. Listed below would be the most up-to-date web pages that we pick out […]

  497. adam and eve says:

    adam and eve

    […]The information and facts talked about inside the write-up are a number of the ideal available […]

  498. obat kuat says:

    Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  499. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and realized

  500. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the web, regularly I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  501. Title

    […]that would be the end of this write-up. Right here you will discover some web-sites that we believe you will enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  502. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  503. website

    ​[…] website […]

  504. Title

    […]the time to read or stop by the subject material or websites we have linked to below the[…]

  505. pleasure ring

    […]although web sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they are basically really worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[…]

  506. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  507. data recovery software

    […]just beneath, are several entirely not related websites to ours, however, they are certainly really worth going over[…]

  508. judi bola says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  509. Kamagra says:

    Title

    […]that would be the end of this article. Right here you will find some sites that we think you’ll value, just click the links over[…]

  510. website

    ​[…] website […]

  511. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  512. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  513. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a excellent post concerning

  514. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I found

  515. potencja says:

    Title

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world-wide-web web pages on the internet, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  516. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  517. Viagra says:

    Title

    […]one of our guests lately advised the following website[…]

  518. sex confession

    […]one of our visitors just lately recommended the following website[…]

  519. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  520. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  521. Title

    […]although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they may be in fact worth a go through, so have a look[…]

  522. Title

    […]Every as soon as inside a even though we decide on blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the most current sites that we pick out […]

  523. Title

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but don’t get a great deal of link enjoy from[…]

  524. Title

    […]we like to honor several other web web sites on the net, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  525. NBA news says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  526. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  527. viagra says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  528. Title

    […]that may be the end of this article. Here you will obtain some internet sites that we believe you’ll value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  529. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  530. Viagra says:

    Title

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to since we assume they’re really worth visiting[…]

  531. Rich says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I saw a excellent article concerning

  532. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  533. potencja says:

    Title

    […]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I appreciate but really don’t get a great deal of link really like from[…]

  534. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  535. buy dildos says:

    buy dildos

    […]The facts mentioned inside the post are several of the very best offered […]

  536. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the web, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  537. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and found

  538. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and realized

  539. ringlead says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am forever saying that its difficult to find quality help, but here is

  540. adult toys says:

    adult toys

    […]Here are several of the web-sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  541. butt beads says:

    butt beads

    […]the time to study or stop by the content or internet sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  542. electricians says:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  543. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  544. pokaz strone says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  545. Title

    […]just beneath, are quite a few entirely not associated sites to ours, on the other hand, they are certainly worth going over[…]

  546. Title

    […]below you will find the link to some sites that we feel you ought to visit[…]

  547. Title

    […]please visit the web sites we follow, like this one, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  548. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I noticed a great article concerning

  549. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise information but here I found

  550. Looking around

    I like to look around the online world, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  551. female vibrators

    […]usually posts some extremely fascinating stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  552. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate information but here I found

  553. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  554. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  555. halo e cig says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a great post concerning

  556. wet wabbit says:

    wet wabbit

    […]we came across a cool site that you simply may possibly enjoy. Take a look in case you want[…]

  557. Title

    […]although internet websites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they’re essentially really worth a go via, so have a look[…]

  558. best rabbit sex toy

    […]very couple of web sites that happen to become in depth beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well really worth checking out[…]

  559. Title

    […]check beneath, are some completely unrelated internet sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  560. adult sex toy

    […]although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are truly really worth a go via, so have a look[…]

  561. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  562. waterproof vibrator

    […]one of our guests lately proposed the following website[…]

  563. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  564. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  565. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  566. Looking around

    I like to surf around the web, often I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  567. Title

    […]always a massive fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but do not get lots of link adore from[…]

  568. Title

    […]please pay a visit to the websites we adhere to, including this one, as it represents our picks in the web[…]

  569. Masters 2017 says:

    Title

    […]here are some links to web sites that we link to mainly because we believe they are worth visiting[…]

  570. Title

    […]The details talked about within the post are several of the very best accessible […]

  571. żeglarz says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  572. domek24 says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  573. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate information but here I found

  574. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  575. Title

    […]we came across a cool site that you may well get pleasure from. Take a search if you want[…]

  576. Title

    […]although web-sites we backlink to below are considerably not connected to ours, we feel they are actually worth a go by means of, so possess a look[…]

  577. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever saying that its hard to find good help, but here is

  578. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a excellent post concerning

  579. cheapest smm panel

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but don’t get a good deal of link really like from[…]

  580. pc games free download for windows 8

    […]please take a look at the web pages we adhere to, like this one particular, because it represents our picks through the web[…]

  581. oc weekly says:

    Title

    […]always a significant fan of linking to bloggers that I love but do not get a whole lot of link appreciate from[…]

  582. wow gold says:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nevertheless actually really worth taking a appear, whoa did one understand about Mid East has got much more problerms too […]

  583. Title

    […]we came across a cool web-site which you might appreciate. Take a appear in the event you want[…]

  584. 830-506-LVCIP Certification Exam Questions and Answers

    […]one of our visitors a short while ago suggested the following website[…]

  585. iran tar says:

    iran tar

    […]below you will discover the link to some sites that we believe you need to visit[…]

  586. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the internet, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  587. La Liga says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a excellent post concerning

  588. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  589. Title

    […]The information mentioned inside the article are a number of the most beneficial accessible […]

  590. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  591. Title

    […]usually posts some quite intriguing stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  592. Title

    […]please take a look at the websites we follow, such as this one, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  593. Title

    […]below you’ll come across the link to some sites that we feel you must visit[…]

  594. Vlogs says:

    Title

    […]check below, are some totally unrelated sites to ours, having said that, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  595. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  596. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and realized

  597. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to find quality help, but here is

  598. Title

    […]Here are a number of the web-sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  599. picler says:

    …Visitor recommendations

    […]Excellent blog here! Also your site so much up fast![…]

  600. Sadism says:

    Title

    […]please visit the web-sites we stick to, such as this one particular, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  601. Title

    […]always a major fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but really don’t get a lot of link adore from[…]

  602. wireless microphone headset for fitness

    […]Here is a good Weblog You may Locate Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

  603. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  604. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  605. buy youtube views cheap

    […]the time to read or stop by the subject material or internet sites we’ve linked to beneath the[…]

  606. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  607. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  608. Title

    […]The information mentioned in the post are a number of the best offered […]

  609. Viagra cena says:

    Title

    […]below you’ll locate the link to some internet sites that we think you ought to visit[…]

  610. Title

    […]usually posts some pretty interesting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  611. Title

    […]that would be the end of this write-up. Here you will discover some web sites that we consider you will value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  612. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  613. Title

    […]very couple of websites that happen to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly well really worth checking out[…]

  614. Title

    […]one of our visitors not long ago encouraged the following website[…]

  615. Logitech G910 Orion Spectrum

    […]below you’ll find the link to some web sites that we believe you’ll want to visit[…]

  616. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  617. fajas says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  618. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  619. Title

    […]although web-sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be essentially really worth a go by, so have a look[…]

  620. Title

    […]below you’ll discover the link to some websites that we assume you must visit[…]

  621. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I noted

  622. Cum says:

    Title

    […]below you will come across the link to some sites that we assume you need to visit[…]

  623. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the online world, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  624. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate information but here I noted

  625. forex signal list pro

    […]usually posts some incredibly interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  626. Search Engine

    […]Here is an excellent Blog You may Come across Intriguing that we Encourage You[…]

  627. Title

    […]Here are some of the web sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  628. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to find quality help, but here is

  629. Linker says:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated information, nevertheless truly really worth taking a look, whoa did a single study about Mid East has got additional problerms too […]

  630. Title

    […]Here are a number of the web-sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  631. Moneymailme says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  632. Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, often I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  633. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  634. Looking around

    I like to look around the online world, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  635. website

    […] website[…]

  636. 9 natural ways to induce labor

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  637. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to find quality help, but here is

  638. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  639. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  640. loan sharks says:

    Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the web, regularly I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  641. loan sharks says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise info but here I found

  642. Title

    […]that may be the end of this report. Right here you will locate some internet sites that we think you’ll appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  643. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  644. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  645. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated information, nevertheless seriously worth taking a look, whoa did a single find out about Mid East has got more problerms at the same time […]

  646. Title

    […]just beneath, are numerous completely not related sites to ours, even so, they’re certainly worth going over[…]

  647. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and found

  648. Title

    […]here are some hyperlinks to websites that we link to because we assume they’re really worth visiting[…]

  649. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  650. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  651. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I found

  652. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I noted

  653. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  654. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  655. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nevertheless truly really worth taking a appear, whoa did one master about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time […]

  656. hired says:

    Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  657. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  658. Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the web, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  659. Title

    […]Here is an excellent Weblog You might Find Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  660. Legian Hotel says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  661. Title

    […]Here are a number of the web sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  662. vape near me says:

    vape near me

    […]below you’ll uncover the link to some web sites that we feel you must visit[…]

  663. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  664. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  665. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I saw a excellent post concerning

  666. JAV says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  667. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I noticed a great post concerning

  668. szybki kredyt

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a couple of unrelated information, nevertheless really really worth taking a search, whoa did one particular learn about Mid East has got extra problerms as well […]

  669. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  670. Title

    […]Every after inside a when we choose blogs that we study. Listed below are the newest web pages that we opt for […]

  671. Title

    […]Here is a good Weblog You might Uncover Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  672. adult sex toy

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you simply could delight in. Take a appear for those who want[…]

  673. penis enlargement pump

    […]just beneath, are quite a few totally not associated sites to ours, nonetheless, they are surely really worth going over[…]

  674. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I noted

  675. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  676. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and found

  677. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  678. massage wand says:

    massage wand

    […]here are some hyperlinks to sites that we link to because we feel they may be really worth visiting[…]

  679. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  680. Toy Papi says:

    Toy Papi

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  681. Title

    […]Here are several of the sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  682. How to Use Sex Toys

    […]The data mentioned inside the report are a few of the very best available […]

  683. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I noted

  684. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and found

  685. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  686. Title

    […]Here is a superb Blog You might Come across Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  687. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  688. desinfectionpunaisedelit

    […]Every after in a whilst we pick blogs that we study. Listed beneath are the latest web pages that we opt for […]

  689. screenprint says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a excellent article concerning

  690. Sex Toys says:

    Sex Toys

    […]one of our guests just lately recommended the following website[…]

  691. best exercise for weight loss

    […]we like to honor a lot of other world-wide-web web-sites on the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  692. livecam says:

    livecam

    […]we prefer to honor numerous other web websites around the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  693. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  694. website

    […] website[…]

  695. selfie edit says:

    selfie edit

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to for the reason that we believe they’re really worth visiting[…]

  696. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  697. telefonsex mit cam

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nonetheless genuinely worth taking a look, whoa did a single learn about Mid East has got additional problerms as well […]

  698. Title

    […]that will be the finish of this article. Here you’ll find some web-sites that we feel you will enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  699. payday loans says:

    payday loans

    […]the time to read or go to the content material or web sites we have linked to below the[…]

  700. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  701. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  702. Title

    […]Here is a great Blog You may Come across Intriguing that we Encourage You[…]

  703. showbox says:

    Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the web, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  704. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and realized

  705. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  706. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a excellent post about

  707. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  708. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  709. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and realized

  710. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  711. Looking around

    I like to surf around the internet, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  712. buy adipex says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  713. peru tours says:

    peru tours

    […]very handful of internet sites that happen to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly effectively really worth checking out[…]

  714. I love buying things on craigslist.

    Craigslit is a very popular website.

  715. peru packages

    […]The information and facts talked about within the write-up are a number of the most effective accessible […]

  716. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  717. M88 says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  718. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  719. Title

    […]the time to study or check out the content material or web sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  720. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  721. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  722. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  723. γιατρας επιπλα

    […]one of our visitors a short while ago suggested the following website[…]

  724. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I noted

  725. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  726. telefonsex says:

    telefonsex

    […]usually posts some quite intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  727. butt plug says:

    butt plug

    […]always a major fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but really don’t get a great deal of link really like from[…]

  728. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  729. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  730. Free says:

    Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nonetheless actually worth taking a search, whoa did 1 master about Mid East has got more problerms also […]

  731. water frogs says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  732. Title

    […]that may be the finish of this report. Here you’ll obtain some websites that we believe you will appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  733. fire alarms says:

    Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  734. Title

    […]The details mentioned within the article are several of the top accessible […]

  735. Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the online world, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  736. legit work from home jobs no fees

    […]the time to read or stop by the content or websites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  737. Looking around

    I like to browse around the web, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  738. Maddie says:

    Title

    […]very handful of internet sites that come about to be detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely worth checking out[…]

  739. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  740. vibrator says:

    vibrator

    […]we came across a cool website that you simply could possibly appreciate. Take a look if you want[…]

  741. daftar poker says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  742. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever saying that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  743. Tea Mugs says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  744. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  745. rajwap hd xxx porn tube video videos free online hot movies XXX

    rajwap hd xxx porn tube video videos free online hot movies XXX

  746. PgMP Certification Dumps

    […]just beneath, are numerous completely not associated websites to ours, having said that, they may be surely really worth going over[…]

  747. https://youtu.be/kK7UQ9-3-D4

    […]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they’re actually really worth a go by way of, so possess a look[…]

  748. naughty rabbit

    […]the time to read or go to the material or internet sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  749. Bronzer says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  750. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  751. بابايا says:

    بابايا

    […]Every once inside a whilst we choose blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the most recent web sites that we pick […]

  752. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  753. jual dildo says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  754. fun888 says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  755. camera says:

    Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise information but here I found

  756. website

    […] website[…]

  757. mulvadi pure kona

    […]Here are a few of the sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  758. mulvadi kona coffee

    […]just beneath, are a lot of entirely not associated internet sites to ours, even so, they’re surely really worth going over[…]

  759. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  760. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  761. houses says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  762. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  763. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  764. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  765. true wireless earphones

    […]Every when inside a even though we choose blogs that we read. Listed beneath are the most current websites that we choose […]

  766. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a great post concerning

  767. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  768. Crista says:

    Title

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you could get pleasure from. Take a appear if you want[…]

  769. Title

    […]Here are a few of the internet sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  770. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  771. Title

    […]Here is a great Weblog You may Locate Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  772. Title

    […]we came across a cool web page that you just could get pleasure from. Take a appear in case you want[…]

  773. nike air jordan

    […]Every as soon as in a while we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below would be the most current web pages that we pick out […]

  774. notre site says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  775. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  776. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  777. Smart Electronix

    […]Here is a superb Blog You may Obtain Fascinating that we Encourage You[…]

  778. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  779. Chaga Pilz says:

    Chaga Pilz

    […]here are some links to web-sites that we link to mainly because we consider they may be really worth visiting[…]

  780. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  781. Title

    […]usually posts some pretty interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  782. Rabbit vibrators

    […]very few internet sites that take place to become detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly really worth checking out[…]

  783. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate information but here I noted

  784. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I found

  785. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  786. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  787. free download for pc windows

    […]Every the moment in a though we select blogs that we study. Listed below are the latest web sites that we decide on […]

  788. app download for windows 8

    […]please go to the websites we adhere to, such as this 1, as it represents our picks in the web[…]

  789. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the web, regularly I will go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  790. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the internet, regularly I will just go to Digg and follow thru

  791. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  792. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  793. menage a trois strap on

    […]Here is an excellent Blog You may Discover Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  794. Anal Butt Plugs

    […]Every after inside a whilst we pick out blogs that we read. Listed below are the most up-to-date internet sites that we decide on […]

  795. Title

    […]that will be the end of this post. Right here you’ll come across some sites that we consider you’ll enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  796. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great article about

  797. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the internet, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  798. Title

    […]we came across a cool web site that you could possibly appreciate. Take a appear should you want[…]

  799. trần nhôm says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  800. ip list says:

    Title

    […]Here is a great Weblog You may Locate Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  801. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a great post about

  802. aero wisata says:

    Looking around

    I like to surf around the web, regularly I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  803. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  804. penis enhancer

    […]although web-sites we backlink to below are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they may be really really worth a go through, so possess a look[…]

  805. free download for pc

    […]we came across a cool internet site that you simply may possibly love. Take a appear in case you want[…]

  806. Baby Shampo says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  807. Canon india says:

    Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  808. miniclip games

    You are the right site for similar MINICLIP.ws

  809. showbox says:

    Title

    […]we came across a cool web page which you could possibly appreciate. Take a look in the event you want[…]

  810. email verify says:

    Title

    […]please check out the websites we adhere to, including this one particular, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  811. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  812. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent post concerning

  813. tongue vibrator

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some web pages that we consider you ought to visit[…]

  814. Title

    […]please go to the sites we adhere to, such as this one, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  815. toplu mail says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  816. apps for pc download

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nevertheless truly worth taking a appear, whoa did one particular understand about Mid East has got extra problerms as well […]

  817. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  818. app download for pc

    […]Here are some of the web-sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  819. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  820. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  821. onlyblog says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and precise information but here I noted

  822. paleo says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  823. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  824. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  825. Title

    […]Every when in a although we choose blogs that we study. Listed beneath would be the most recent web pages that we pick […]

  826. pure kona coffee beans

    […]one of our visitors recently proposed the following website[…]

  827. https://youtu.be/_6FlbFkQdi0

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to due to the fact we feel they are really worth visiting[…]

  828. ReliableSell says:

    Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I noted

  829. http://www.lionkonacoffee.com

    […]one of our guests just lately encouraged the following website[…]

  830. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  831. used cars says:

    used cars

    […]Every once inside a when we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below would be the newest web sites that we choose […]

  832. sexshop atacadao

    […]below you will discover the link to some web pages that we assume you’ll want to visit[…]

  833. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I saw a excellent article about

  834. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  835. free download for windows 7

    […]although web-sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they may be basically really worth a go through, so possess a look[…]

  836. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever saying that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  837. free download for windows 8

    […]we came across a cool web page that you simply could take pleasure in. Take a search if you want[…]

  838. Invitations says:

    Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  839. apps for pc download

    […]that could be the end of this article. Here you’ll uncover some web pages that we believe you will value, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  840. free full download for pc

    […]please pay a visit to the web sites we comply with, which includes this 1, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  841. Title

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a few unrelated data, nevertheless truly really worth taking a appear, whoa did 1 learn about Mid East has got additional problerms as well […]

  842. anybunny anybunny hd xxx porn tube video videos free online hot movies

    anybunny anybunny hd xxx porn tube video videos free online hot movies

  843. Photobooth says:

    Photobooth

    […]very handful of websites that come about to become detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well worth checking out[…]

  844. Phentermine says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  845. https://youtu.be/v9MMRSuY4SE

    […]The details talked about inside the report are a number of the top obtainable […]

  846. superior auto institute

    […]usually posts some extremely exciting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  847. Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the internet, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  848. Local Grant says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  849. apps download for windows 10

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  850. free full download for windows

    […]check beneath, are some entirely unrelated sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  851. mobile apps says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting info

  852. poker online says:

    Title

    […]Here are some of the web sites we suggest for our visitors[…]

  853. Bitcoin talk says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting info

  854. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to get good help, but here is

  855. free download for laptop pc

    […]the time to study or visit the material or web pages we’ve linked to below the[…]

  856. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  857. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to procure quality help, but here is

  858. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  859. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  860. Dual Vibrator

    […]the time to read or go to the content or web pages we’ve linked to beneath the[…]

  861. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a excellent post about

  862. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  863. SAI says:

    SAI

    […]the time to study or pay a visit to the material or web-sites we have linked to below the[…]

  864. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to get good help, but here is

  865. drone says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  866. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I noticed a excellent post concerning

  867. wristwatch exchange

    […]The data mentioned inside the report are some of the ideal offered […]

  868. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  869. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise information but here I found

  870. superior auto institute

    […]just beneath, are numerous entirely not related web sites to ours, having said that, they are surely worth going over[…]

  871. chainsaw grinding diamond wheel

    […]below you’ll obtain the link to some websites that we believe it is best to visit[…]

  872. silicone containers

    […]we like to honor numerous other web sites on the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  873. wRfqnI8IRxk says:

    wRfqnI8IRxk

    wRfqnI8IRxk

  874. Wedding Cars says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  875. гостиница для кошек

    […]check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated web sites to ours, having said that, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  876. domain names says:

    domain names

    […]always a large fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but don’t get a whole lot of link love from[…]

  877. facelift says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  878. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its hard to procure quality help, but here is

  879. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  880. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  881. Joi says:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  882. Title

    […]one of our guests a short while ago suggested the following website[…]

  883. Title

    […]we like to honor lots of other internet web sites around the web, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Underneath are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  884. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  885. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I found

  886. Title

    […]the time to read or go to the subject material or internet sites we have linked to beneath the[…]

  887. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  888. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  889. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  890. Title

    […]usually posts some quite fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  891. Title

    […]one of our guests just lately recommended the following website[…]

  892. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool information

  893. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  894. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  895. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  896. website

    […] website[…]

  897. Song says:

    Song

    […]Here are some of the web-sites we advocate for our visitors[…]

  898. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent article concerning

  899. Roof repair near me

    […]The information mentioned in the write-up are a number of the most beneficial available […]

  900. PHP Music website

    […]the time to study or visit the content or internet sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  901. Title

    […]that is the finish of this write-up. Right here you will obtain some websites that we consider you will appreciate, just click the links over[…]

  902. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  903. Title

    […]usually posts some pretty exciting stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  904. Title

    […]The facts mentioned within the write-up are several of the very best offered […]

  905. Title

    […]one of our guests a short while ago recommended the following website[…]

  906. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the internet, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  907. Kenworth T680

    […]check beneath, are some absolutely unrelated internet sites to ours, on the other hand, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  908. Ipod says:

    website

    […] website[…]

  909. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its difficult to get good help, but here is

  910. Letswatch says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  911. SAI says:

    SAI

    […]we prefer to honor quite a few other world-wide-web websites around the web, even when they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages worth checking out[…]

  912. Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  913. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  914. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  915. online poker says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  916. Title

    […]below you will obtain the link to some internet sites that we feel it is best to visit[…]

  917. Title

    […]Every once in a even though we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below are the most current web-sites that we select […]

  918. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a great post concerning

  919. sex toys says:

    sex toys

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine several unrelated information, nevertheless seriously really worth taking a appear, whoa did 1 find out about Mid East has got far more problerms as well […]

  920. music says:

    website

    […] website[…]

  921. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to get quality help, but here is

  922. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  923. Folk Music says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  924. nesaporn says:

    nesaporn

    nesaporn

  925. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise information but here I found

  926. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool topic

  927. Title

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to mainly because we feel they may be really worth visiting[…]

  928. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its hard to procure quality help, but here is

  929. Title

    […]usually posts some pretty fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  930. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate information but here I found

  931. free download for windows 8

    […]very few websites that occur to be detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly well worth checking out[…]

  932. apps for pc says:

    apps for pc

    […]check below, are some totally unrelated sites to ours, however, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  933. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  934. Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  935. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around on the internet and realized

  936. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I saw a excellent article concerning

  937. Title

    […]check beneath, are some completely unrelated sites to ours, even so, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  938. Title

    […]very couple of websites that happen to be in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well really worth checking out[…]

  939. экзамен на американское гражданство

    […]Here are some of the sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  940. chug dogs says:

    chug dogs

    […]here are some links to sites that we link to because we believe they are worth visiting[…]

  941. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the internet, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  942. limousine says:

    website

    […] website[…]

  943. hunting dogs says:

    hunting dogs

    […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I love but really don’t get quite a bit of link enjoy from[…]

  944. CEO Terbaik says:

    CEO Terbaik

    […]that could be the finish of this post. Right here you will find some web sites that we feel you’ll enjoy, just click the hyperlinks over[…]

  945. Angie says:

    Title

    […]The facts talked about inside the article are some of the very best offered […]

  946. سرور مجازی فرانسه

    […]The information mentioned within the post are a number of the top obtainable […]

  947. Title

    […]The info mentioned within the article are a few of the best accessible […]

  948. free tech forum

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  949. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  950. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a great post about

  951. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to procure quality help, but here is

  952. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  953. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  954. Bet online says:

    Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, often I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  955. Looking around

    I like to look around the web, often I will go to Digg and follow thru

  956. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  957. pc software full download

    […]Every after inside a while we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below are the most recent web-sites that we decide on […]

  958. Looking around

    I like to look around the internet, often I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  959. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  960. pc games free download

    […]below you will uncover the link to some sites that we think you ought to visit[…]

  961. best sex doll

    […]Here is an excellent Blog You might Find Exciting that we Encourage You[…]

  962. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  963. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent post about

  964. Dpf says:

    Dpf

    […]below you’ll find the link to some web sites that we consider it is best to visit[…]

  965. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the web, often I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  966. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  967. Pocket Stroker

    […]check below, are some entirely unrelated internet sites to ours, on the other hand, they’re most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  968. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to procure good help, but here is

  969. Things says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  970. best sex toys 2016

    […]below you’ll come across the link to some web pages that we believe it is best to visit[…]

  971. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  972. paravex cost says:

    Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  973. Title

    […]one of our visitors lately recommended the following website[…]

  974. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  975. Kids’ Costumes

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated information, nevertheless seriously really worth taking a appear, whoa did one particular understand about Mid East has got far more problerms as well […]

  976. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  977. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  978. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I noticed a great article about

  979. Remote Control BB-8

    […]below you’ll find the link to some web-sites that we consider you should visit[…]

  980. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  981. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  982. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to find good help, but here is

  983. Nevada Venta de llantas nuevas y usadas

    […]we came across a cool web site that you may possibly enjoy. Take a look when you want[…]

  984. Looking around

    I like to look around the web, often I will go to Digg and follow thru

  985. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  986. Berber carpet

    […]Here is a superb Blog You may Locate Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  987. https://youtu.be/LGAcnLXbnAw

    […]although internet sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are truly worth a go by, so possess a look[…]

  988. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  989. Title

    […]very couple of websites that occur to become detailed beneath, from our point of view are undoubtedly nicely really worth checking out[…]

  990. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I noted

  991. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  992. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around online and realized

  993. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and realized

  994. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a excellent post about

  995. Apartment Complex Managers

    […]very couple of websites that occur to be detailed below, from our point of view are undoubtedly properly really worth checking out[…]

  996. PR Agencies says:

    Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  997. Product Description Video

    […]just beneath, are several absolutely not connected sites to ours, even so, they may be surely worth going over[…]

  998. Triple Stimulation

    […]always a huge fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but don’t get lots of link enjoy from[…]

  999. learn more says:

    Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and precise info but here I found

  1000. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I noticed a great article concerning

  1001. Title

    […]we came across a cool web site that you simply may appreciate. Take a search in the event you want[…]

  1002. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and found

  1003. Pet apparel says:

    website

    […] website[…]

  1004. website

    […] website[…]

  1005. buy kona coffee

    […]please pay a visit to the web-sites we adhere to, including this a single, as it represents our picks from the web[…]

  1006. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I saw a excellent article about

  1007. coffee from kona

    […]here are some links to web pages that we link to due to the fact we consider they may be worth visiting[…]

  1008. Chatting room

    […]Every after in a even though we decide on blogs that we read. Listed beneath would be the most recent web-sites that we select […]

  1009. 스포츠닥터스

    […]usually posts some pretty interesting stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  1010. wisdom teeth removal

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  1011. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  1012. gspot rabbit vibrator

    […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I really like but do not get quite a bit of link like from[…]

  1013. male masterbator

    […]Every after inside a when we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below would be the newest web sites that we opt for […]

  1014. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  1015. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and realized

  1016. Tumblr article

    I saw someone writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1017. gmail log in says:

    I am glad I found this website.

    This vebsite is very informative and provides usefull information.

  1018. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I found this

  1019. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  1020. motivation says:

    Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I noticed a excellent article concerning

  1021. camera says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  1022. Title

    […]Here are several of the websites we advise for our visitors[…]

  1023. 65 inch tv says:

    Title

    […]one of our visitors recently recommended the following website[…]

  1024. drones says:

    Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  1025. games for windows 7

    […]although web-sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they are actually worth a go as a result of, so possess a look[…]

  1026. apps for pc says:

    apps for pc

    […]usually posts some incredibly intriguing stuff like this. If you’re new to this site[…]

  1027. Top 10 Songs says:

    News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  1028. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around online and found

  1029. NEED A DISCO says:

    NEED A DISCO

    […]The information talked about inside the write-up are a few of the ideal obtainable […]

  1030. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  1031. hitachi magic wand massager

    […]just beneath, are various completely not related sites to ours, nevertheless, they’re certainly worth going over[…]

  1032. local hotel prices

    […]below you will obtain the link to some web-sites that we feel you must visit[…]

  1033. anal sex toys women

    […]usually posts some pretty fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  1034. Title

    […]very couple of web sites that take place to become in depth below, from our point of view are undoubtedly well really worth checking out[…]

  1035. morkie says:

    morkie

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated data, nonetheless truly really worth taking a search, whoa did a single discover about Mid East has got far more problerms too […]

  1036. Title

    […]Here is a good Weblog You may Discover Interesting that we Encourage You[…]

  1037. GMC Savana 3500

    […]please go to the websites we follow, including this one, because it represents our picks through the web[…]

  1038. website

    […] website[…]

  1039. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a excellent post about

  1040. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  1041. lovedoll says:

    lovedoll

    […]Sites of interest we’ve a link to[…]

  1042. Buy Now says:

    Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  1043. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  1044. toronto apartments

    […]just beneath, are various totally not associated web pages to ours, having said that, they are certainly really worth going over[…]

  1045. montazni plosiny plzen

    […]very handful of websites that transpire to be comprehensive below, from our point of view are undoubtedly very well really worth checking out[…]

  1046. pronajem plosiny plzen

    […]here are some links to internet sites that we link to because we assume they are really worth visiting[…]

  1047. Mcat tutor says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  1048. ebay photos says:

    ebay photos

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  1049. Couples Sex Toys

    […]check beneath, are some entirely unrelated sites to ours, on the other hand, they are most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  1050. sell website says:

    sell website

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a handful of unrelated information, nevertheless really really worth taking a appear, whoa did a single learn about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time […]

  1051. Title

    […]just beneath, are numerous totally not connected web sites to ours, nevertheless, they’re surely really worth going over[…]

  1052. Title

    […]below you will find the link to some web pages that we think you need to visit[…]

  1053. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to piddeling around online and realized

  1054. Looking around

    I like to surf around the online world, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  1055. Informative and precise

    Its hard to find informative and accurate information but here I noted

  1056. legitimate work from home jobs with no startup fee

    […]Here are a few of the web pages we advise for our visitors[…]

  1057. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and found

  1058. Its hard to find good help

    I am forever proclaiming that its hard to find quality help, but here is

  1059. solar of hawaii

    Solar Of Hawaii – Buy Solar panels & Complete Solar Systems- Solar Systems Services including #1 rated Solar World & Mitsubishi Electric Solar Power on the Big Island of Hawaii. Professional Solar Installation Available in Hawaii.

  1060. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to find quality help, but here is

  1061. Yahoo results

    While browsing Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  1062. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1063. Title

    […]just beneath, are a lot of completely not connected websites to ours, on the other hand, they’re surely really worth going over[…]

  1064. alien meme says:

    Title

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  1065. hire a professional grant writer

    […]we came across a cool web site which you may possibly love. Take a look for those who want[…]

  1066. auto parts mazda

    […]Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine a number of unrelated information, nevertheless actually worth taking a look, whoa did a single learn about Mid East has got far more problerms too […]

  1067. iPhone repair

    […]please pay a visit to the websites we stick to, such as this one particular, because it represents our picks in the web[…]

  1068. single men over 50

    […]please take a look at the sites we comply with, including this one, because it represents our picks in the web[…]

  1069. toshiba says:

    toshiba

    […]always a big fan of linking to bloggers that I enjoy but really don’t get lots of link really like from[…]

  1070. Wall stickers

    […]that may be the end of this report. Right here you’ll discover some web-sites that we believe you’ll enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  1071. sex cuff says:

    sex cuff

    […]Here are several of the internet sites we advise for our visitors[…]

  1072. best blindfold

    […]Sites of interest we have a link to[…]

  1073. adam and eve sex toy

    […]that could be the finish of this article. Here you will uncover some sites that we assume you will value, just click the links over[…]

  1074. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really cool info

  1075. organic lubricant

    […]here are some hyperlinks to web pages that we link to for the reason that we feel they’re really worth visiting[…]

  1076. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to get quality help, but here is

  1077. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its difficult to procure quality help, but here is

  1078. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the online world, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and follow thru

  1079. superior auto institute reviews

    […]although internet sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not connected to ours, we really feel they may be essentially really worth a go by, so have a look[…]

  1080. blazerdress says:

    Looking around

    I like to surf in various places on the internet, often I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  1081. website

    […] website[…]

  1082. Title

    […]Here are several of the web-sites we recommend for our visitors[…]

  1083. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I discovered this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  1084. top sex toys says:

    top sex toys

    […]we like to honor several other world-wide-web web sites on the internet, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Below are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  1085. Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate info but here I noted

  1086. domino poker says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  1087. racing says:

    Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  1088. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1089. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its hard to procure quality help, but here is

  1090. Title

    […]below you’ll uncover the link to some web sites that we consider you’ll want to visit[…]

  1091. Tumblr article

    I saw someone talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1092. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing yesterday I saw a excellent post about

  1093. Yahoo results

    While searching Yahoo I found this page in the results and I didn’t think it fit

  1094. car wrecker melbourne

    […]that is the finish of this write-up. Right here you will uncover some web sites that we believe you will enjoy, just click the links over[…]

  1095. Great News

    This story was very interesting. Thank you.

  1096. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer writing about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1097. sex toys to spice things up

    […]usually posts some pretty fascinating stuff like this. If you are new to this site[…]

  1098. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  1099. Digg

    While checking out DIGG yesterday I noticed this

  1100. Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here yesterday, so I just took to messing around online and found

  1101. Looking around

    I like to browse around the internet, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  1102. Wikia

    Wika linked to this site

  1103. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a great article about

  1104. bluetooth says:

    Informative and precise

    Its difficult to find informative and accurate information but here I found

  1105. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I noticed this

  1106. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a excellent article about

  1107. Just Browsing

    While I was browsing today I saw a excellent post concerning

  1108. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1109. Digg

    While checking out DIGG today I found this

  1110. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to procure good help, but here is

  1111. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting info

  1112. Title

    […]the time to read or go to the content material or web-sites we’ve linked to below the[…]

  1113. casino says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to piddeling around on the internet and found

  1114. mti magnolia telecom

    […]Every once in a even though we decide on blogs that we study. Listed below would be the most current web pages that we decide on […]

  1115. Electric Circular Saw

    […]although sites we backlink to beneath are considerably not related to ours, we really feel they’re actually worth a go by means of, so possess a look[…]

  1116. cabine sauna says:

    Wikia

    Wika linked to this website

  1117. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly proclaiming that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  1118. Looking around

    I like to look around the online world, regularly I will just go to Stumble Upon and read and check stuff out

  1119. Title

    […]we came across a cool site which you may possibly enjoy. Take a search in the event you want[…]

  1120. car insurence

    […]we prefer to honor several other net internet sites on the web, even though they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some webpages really worth checking out[…]

  1121. towing & recovery

    […]here are some links to sites that we link to due to the fact we think they may be worth visiting[…]

  1122. Its hard to find good help

    I am constantnly saying that its difficult to find good help, but here is

  1123. cross fit says:

    cross fit

    […]check beneath, are some entirely unrelated web-sites to ours, even so, they may be most trustworthy sources that we use[…]

  1124. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly proclaiming that its difficult to procure good help, but here is

  1125. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting topic

  1126. Its hard to find good help

    I am regularly saying that its difficult to find quality help, but here is

  1127. 롤대리랭 says:

    롤대리랭

    […]please stop by the sites we adhere to, which includes this 1, as it represents our picks through the web[…]

  1128. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing today I noticed a excellent post concerning

  1129. Tumblr article

    I saw a writer talking about this on Tumblr and it linked to

  1130. Zebra Gifts says:

    Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the online world, regularly I will go to Digg and follow thru

  1131. Car Wrecker says:

    Car Wrecker

    […]although sites we backlink to below are considerably not associated to ours, we feel they’re really worth a go by way of, so have a look[…]

  1132. cool gadgets says:

    Looking around

    I like to browse around the internet, often I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  1133. Looking around

    I like to look in various places on the internet, often I will just go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  1134. News info

    I was reading the news and I saw this really interesting information

  1135. Erfindungen says:

    Dreary Day

    It was a dreary day here today, so I just took to messing around on the internet and realized

  1136. Wikia

    Wika linked to this place

  1137. Looking around

    I like to browse in various places on the web, often I will go to Digg and follow thru

  1138. adult toys says:

    adult toys

    […]here are some links to web sites that we link to because we feel they may be worth visiting[…]

  1139. Just Browsing

    While I was surfing yesterday I noticed a great post about