CUTTER V. WILKINSON (03-9877) 544 U.S. 709 (2005) 349 F.3d 257, reversed and remanded.

A federal law prohibiting government from burdening prisoners' religious exercise did not violate the First Amendment's establishment clause. The Court held that, on its face, RLUIPA made an accommodation allowed by the First Amendment. The Court reasoned that the law was an effort to alleviate the "government-created burden" on religious exercise that prisoners faced. Nor did section three discriminate between mainstream and non-mainstream religions. The Court did point out that constitutional problems could arise if RLUIPA were enforced improperly and religious prisoners received favored treatment, or if religious exercise and security concerns were not properly balanced.